Background: Acute appendicitis (AA) is one of the most common diseases affecting especially young but also older people. A systematic evaluation of bacteriology of AA has been frequently conducted in children but is not well known and discussed in adult population. Study design: The study has been obtained from two multicenter prospective observational studies (CIAO and CIAOW studies). The aim of the study is to analyze the intra-abdominal bacteriology in AA and its relation with clinical outcomes. Results: Patients included were 1431, 806 male (56.3%). The mean/median age was 38.9 (SD ± 18.4) and 35 (range 18-94). Clinical condition at the admission was sepsis in 623 patients (43.5%), severe sepsis and septic shock in 29 (2%) and 10 (0.7%). Peritonitis was localized in 1107 patients (77.4%) and generalized in 324 (22.6%). Adequate source-control and empirical antimicrobial therapy were reported in 95.2% and 88.7% of the patients. 47 isolated bacteria (6.8%) were resistant. Two (4.2%) were health-care-associated infections and 45 (95.7%) were community-acquired infections. Univariate analysis showed factor associated to resistant bacteria was the inadequacy of the empiric antimicrobial therapy (= 0.013); at multivariated analysis factors associated with mortality were age>70 years (= 0.003) and severe sepsis at the admission (= 0.02); factors associated to ICU admission were: severe sepsis (< 0.0001), generalized peritonitis (< 0.0001), malignancy (< 0.0001) and cardiovascular disease (< 0.0001). Conclusion: The evolution of antimicrobial resistance, in common community-acquired infections, combined with lack of new antibiotics development are strictly linked to clinical outcomes. Adequate empirical antimicrobial therapy is fundamental to counteract bacterial resistance.

Coccolini, F., D'Amico, G., Sartelli, M., Catena, F., Montori, G., Ceresoli, M., et al. (2016). Antibiotic resistance evaluation and clinical analysis of acute appendicitis; report of 1431 consecutive worldwide patients: A cohort study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 26(February 2016), 6-11 [10.1016/j.ijsu.2015.12.063].

Antibiotic resistance evaluation and clinical analysis of acute appendicitis; report of 1431 consecutive worldwide patients: A cohort study

Ceresoli, M;Ansaloni, L
2016

Abstract

Background: Acute appendicitis (AA) is one of the most common diseases affecting especially young but also older people. A systematic evaluation of bacteriology of AA has been frequently conducted in children but is not well known and discussed in adult population. Study design: The study has been obtained from two multicenter prospective observational studies (CIAO and CIAOW studies). The aim of the study is to analyze the intra-abdominal bacteriology in AA and its relation with clinical outcomes. Results: Patients included were 1431, 806 male (56.3%). The mean/median age was 38.9 (SD ± 18.4) and 35 (range 18-94). Clinical condition at the admission was sepsis in 623 patients (43.5%), severe sepsis and septic shock in 29 (2%) and 10 (0.7%). Peritonitis was localized in 1107 patients (77.4%) and generalized in 324 (22.6%). Adequate source-control and empirical antimicrobial therapy were reported in 95.2% and 88.7% of the patients. 47 isolated bacteria (6.8%) were resistant. Two (4.2%) were health-care-associated infections and 45 (95.7%) were community-acquired infections. Univariate analysis showed factor associated to resistant bacteria was the inadequacy of the empiric antimicrobial therapy (= 0.013); at multivariated analysis factors associated with mortality were age>70 years (= 0.003) and severe sepsis at the admission (= 0.02); factors associated to ICU admission were: severe sepsis (< 0.0001), generalized peritonitis (< 0.0001), malignancy (< 0.0001) and cardiovascular disease (< 0.0001). Conclusion: The evolution of antimicrobial resistance, in common community-acquired infections, combined with lack of new antibiotics development are strictly linked to clinical outcomes. Adequate empirical antimicrobial therapy is fundamental to counteract bacterial resistance.
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Acute appendicitis; Antibiotic; Antimicrobial; Bacteriology; Infection; Peritonitis; Spectrum; Surgery; Therapy;
English
6
11
6
Coccolini, F., D'Amico, G., Sartelli, M., Catena, F., Montori, G., Ceresoli, M., et al. (2016). Antibiotic resistance evaluation and clinical analysis of acute appendicitis; report of 1431 consecutive worldwide patients: A cohort study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 26(February 2016), 6-11 [10.1016/j.ijsu.2015.12.063].
Coccolini, F; D'Amico, G; Sartelli, M; Catena, F; Montori, G; Ceresoli, M; Manfredi, R; Di Saverio, S; Ansaloni, L
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/382345
Citazioni
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 20
Social impact