Objectives: To address whether nondihydropyridine calcium-channel blocker added-on angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor therapy ameliorates albuminuria and cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes patients. Design: The Bergamo Nephrologic Diabetes Complications Trial-B was a multicentre, prospective, double-blind, parallel-group trial comparing renal and cardiovascular outcomes in 281 hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria randomized to at least 2-year VeraTran (verapamil/trandolapril 180 mg/2 mg daily) or trandolapril (2 mg daily, identical image) treatment. Main outcome was persistent macroalbuminuria (albuminuria >200 μg/min in two consecutive visits). Treatment targets were SBP/DBP less than 120/80 mmHg and HbA1C less than 7%. Results: Over a median follow-up of 4.5 years, 18 patients (13%) on VeraTran vs. 15 (10.5%) on trandolapril [unadjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval [CI]) 1.07 (0.54-2.12), P = 0.852] progressed to macroalbuminuria, respectively; 62 (44.9%) vs. 71 (49.7%) [0.80 (0.57-1.12), P = 0.198] regressed to normoalbuminuria (urinary albumin excretion <20 μg/min), and 20 (14.5%) vs. 21 (14.7%) [hazard ratio 0.93 (0.50-1.72), P = 0.816] had major cardiovascular events. BP and metabolic control were similar between groups. Patients with cardiovascular events were significantly less [13 (9.8%) vs. 28 (18.9%), hazard ratio: 0.37 (0.19-0.71), P = 0.003] among those regressing to normoalbuminuria than those without regression. Difference was independent of treatment allocation and was significant also after adjusting for baseline characteristics [0.40 (0.20-0.79), P = 0.009], follow-up SBP [0.40 (0.20-0.80), P = 0.010] or DBP [0.36 (0.18-0.73), P = 0.004] BP or HbA1C [0.43 (0.21-0.88), P = 0.021]. Conclusion: In hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria, verapamil added-on trandolapril did not improve renal or cardiovascular outcomes. Independent of verapamil, trandolapril normalized albuminuria in half of patients and this translated into significant cardioprotection.

Ruggenenti, P., Fassi, A., Ilieva, A., Iliev, I., Chiurchiu, C., Rubis, N., et al. (2011). Effects of verapamil added-on trandolapril therapy in hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria: the BENEDICT-B randomized trial. JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 29(2), 207-216 [10.1097/HJH.0b013e32834069bd].

Effects of verapamil added-on trandolapril therapy in hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria: the BENEDICT-B randomized trial

Trevisan R;
2011

Abstract

Objectives: To address whether nondihydropyridine calcium-channel blocker added-on angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor therapy ameliorates albuminuria and cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes patients. Design: The Bergamo Nephrologic Diabetes Complications Trial-B was a multicentre, prospective, double-blind, parallel-group trial comparing renal and cardiovascular outcomes in 281 hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria randomized to at least 2-year VeraTran (verapamil/trandolapril 180 mg/2 mg daily) or trandolapril (2 mg daily, identical image) treatment. Main outcome was persistent macroalbuminuria (albuminuria >200 μg/min in two consecutive visits). Treatment targets were SBP/DBP less than 120/80 mmHg and HbA1C less than 7%. Results: Over a median follow-up of 4.5 years, 18 patients (13%) on VeraTran vs. 15 (10.5%) on trandolapril [unadjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval [CI]) 1.07 (0.54-2.12), P = 0.852] progressed to macroalbuminuria, respectively; 62 (44.9%) vs. 71 (49.7%) [0.80 (0.57-1.12), P = 0.198] regressed to normoalbuminuria (urinary albumin excretion <20 μg/min), and 20 (14.5%) vs. 21 (14.7%) [hazard ratio 0.93 (0.50-1.72), P = 0.816] had major cardiovascular events. BP and metabolic control were similar between groups. Patients with cardiovascular events were significantly less [13 (9.8%) vs. 28 (18.9%), hazard ratio: 0.37 (0.19-0.71), P = 0.003] among those regressing to normoalbuminuria than those without regression. Difference was independent of treatment allocation and was significant also after adjusting for baseline characteristics [0.40 (0.20-0.79), P = 0.009], follow-up SBP [0.40 (0.20-0.80), P = 0.010] or DBP [0.36 (0.18-0.73), P = 0.004] BP or HbA1C [0.43 (0.21-0.88), P = 0.021]. Conclusion: In hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria, verapamil added-on trandolapril did not improve renal or cardiovascular outcomes. Independent of verapamil, trandolapril normalized albuminuria in half of patients and this translated into significant cardioprotection.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
cardioprotection; cardiovascular events; hypertension; macroalbuminuria; microalbuminuria; nephroprotection; normoalbuminuria; progression; regression; type 2 diabetes;
English
Ruggenenti, P., Fassi, A., Ilieva, A., Iliev, I., Chiurchiu, C., Rubis, N., et al. (2011). Effects of verapamil added-on trandolapril therapy in hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria: the BENEDICT-B randomized trial. JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 29(2), 207-216 [10.1097/HJH.0b013e32834069bd].
Ruggenenti, P; Fassi, A; Ilieva, A; Iliev, I; Chiurchiu, C; Rubis, N; Gherardi, G; Ene-Iordache, B; Gaspari, F; Perna, A; Cravedi, P; Bossi, A; Trevisan, R; Motterlini, N; Remuzzi, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/382202
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