The HOLMES experiment aims to directly measure the ν mass studying the 163Ho electron capture decay spectrum developing arrays of TES-based microcalorimeters implanted with O(300 Bq/detector) Ho atoms. The embedding of the source inside detectors is a crucial step of the experiment. Because the 163Ho production process (neutron irradiation of a 162Er sample) is not perfectly free from impurities, Ho source must be separated from a lot of contaminants. A chemical processing removes every species other than Ho, but it is not sufficient to remove all isotope-related background sources: Indeed, 166mHo beta decay can produce fake signal in the region of interest. For this reason, a dedicated implantation system was set up. It is designed to achieve the separation power better than 5σ at 163/166 a.m.u. allowing an efficient Ho ions implantation inside microcalorimeter absorbers. Its main components are a 50 kV sputter-based ion source, a magnetic dipole and a target chamber. A specially designed co-evaporation system was designed to “grow” the gold microcalorimeter absorber during the implantation process, increasing the maximum achievable activity which can be implanted. The machine performances were evaluated by means of calibration runs using 63Cu/65Cu and Mo beams. A special care was given to the study of the more effective way to populate source plasma with Ho ions obtained from different Ho compounds by sputtering process. In this work, the machine development and commissioning are described.

De Gerone, M., Bevilacqua, A., Biasotti, M., Borghesi, M., Cerboni, N., Ceruti, G., et al. (2022). Commissioning of the Ion Implanter for the HOLMES Experiment. JOURNAL OF LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS [10.1007/s10909-022-02752-6].

Commissioning of the Ion Implanter for the HOLMES Experiment

M. Borghesi;M. Faverzani;E. Ferri;A. Giachero;A. Nucciotti;G. Pessina;S. Ragazzi;
2022

Abstract

The HOLMES experiment aims to directly measure the ν mass studying the 163Ho electron capture decay spectrum developing arrays of TES-based microcalorimeters implanted with O(300 Bq/detector) Ho atoms. The embedding of the source inside detectors is a crucial step of the experiment. Because the 163Ho production process (neutron irradiation of a 162Er sample) is not perfectly free from impurities, Ho source must be separated from a lot of contaminants. A chemical processing removes every species other than Ho, but it is not sufficient to remove all isotope-related background sources: Indeed, 166mHo beta decay can produce fake signal in the region of interest. For this reason, a dedicated implantation system was set up. It is designed to achieve the separation power better than 5σ at 163/166 a.m.u. allowing an efficient Ho ions implantation inside microcalorimeter absorbers. Its main components are a 50 kV sputter-based ion source, a magnetic dipole and a target chamber. A specially designed co-evaporation system was designed to “grow” the gold microcalorimeter absorber during the implantation process, increasing the maximum achievable activity which can be implanted. The machine performances were evaluated by means of calibration runs using 63Cu/65Cu and Mo beams. A special care was given to the study of the more effective way to populate source plasma with Ho ions obtained from different Ho compounds by sputtering process. In this work, the machine development and commissioning are described.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Holmium; Ion implanter; Neutrino mass measurement;
English
De Gerone, M., Bevilacqua, A., Biasotti, M., Borghesi, M., Cerboni, N., Ceruti, G., et al. (2022). Commissioning of the Ion Implanter for the HOLMES Experiment. JOURNAL OF LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS [10.1007/s10909-022-02752-6].
De Gerone, M; Bevilacqua, A; Biasotti, M; Borghesi, M; Cerboni, N; Ceruti, G; De Bodin , G; Galembert, D; Faverzani, M; Fedkevych, M; Ferri, E; Gallucci, G; Gatti, F; Giachero, A; Lo , A; Cicero, ; Maugeri, E; Manfrinetti, P; Nucciotti, A; Parodi, L; Pessina, G; Pollovio, P; Puppo, R; Ragazzi, S; Rossi, C; Schumann, D; Siccardi, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/381882
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