The prognostic impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on cardiovascular outcomes is well known. As a consequence of previous studies showing the high incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in diabetic patients and the relatively poor outcome compared to nondiabetic populations, DM is considered as CAD equivalent which means that diabetic patients are labeled as asymptomatic individuals at high cardiovascular risk. Lessons learned fromthe analysis of prognostic studies over the past decade have challenged this dogma and now support the idea that diabetic population is not uniformly distributed in the highest risk box. Detecting CAD in asymptomatic high risk individuals is controversial and, what ismore, in patients with diabetes is challenging, and that is why the reliability of traditional cardiac stress tests for detectingmyocardial ischemia is limited. Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) represents an emerging noninvasive technique able to explore the atherosclerotic involvement of the coronary arteries and, thus, to distinguish different risk categories tailoring this evaluation on each patient. The aim of the review is to provide a wide overview on the clinical meaning of CCTA in this field and to integrate the anatomical information with a reliable therapeutic approach.

Guaricci, A., De Santis, D., Carbone, M., Muscogiuri, G., Guglielmo, M., Baggiano, A., et al. (2018). Coronary Atherosclerosis Assessment by Coronary CT Angiography in Asymptomatic Diabetic Population: A Critical Systematic Review of the Literature and Future Perspectives. BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 2018 [10.1155/2018/8927281].

Coronary Atherosclerosis Assessment by Coronary CT Angiography in Asymptomatic Diabetic Population: A Critical Systematic Review of the Literature and Future Perspectives

Muscogiuri G;
2018

Abstract

The prognostic impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on cardiovascular outcomes is well known. As a consequence of previous studies showing the high incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in diabetic patients and the relatively poor outcome compared to nondiabetic populations, DM is considered as CAD equivalent which means that diabetic patients are labeled as asymptomatic individuals at high cardiovascular risk. Lessons learned fromthe analysis of prognostic studies over the past decade have challenged this dogma and now support the idea that diabetic population is not uniformly distributed in the highest risk box. Detecting CAD in asymptomatic high risk individuals is controversial and, what ismore, in patients with diabetes is challenging, and that is why the reliability of traditional cardiac stress tests for detectingmyocardial ischemia is limited. Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) represents an emerging noninvasive technique able to explore the atherosclerotic involvement of the coronary arteries and, thus, to distinguish different risk categories tailoring this evaluation on each patient. The aim of the review is to provide a wide overview on the clinical meaning of CCTA in this field and to integrate the anatomical information with a reliable therapeutic approach.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Asymptomatic Diseases; Computed Tomography Angiography; Coronary Angiography; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Vessels; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Humans; Risk Factors; Tomography, X-Ray Computed;
English
Guaricci, A., De Santis, D., Carbone, M., Muscogiuri, G., Guglielmo, M., Baggiano, A., et al. (2018). Coronary Atherosclerosis Assessment by Coronary CT Angiography in Asymptomatic Diabetic Population: A Critical Systematic Review of the Literature and Future Perspectives. BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 2018 [10.1155/2018/8927281].
Guaricci, A; De Santis, D; Carbone, M; Muscogiuri, G; Guglielmo, M; Baggiano, A; Serviddio, G; Pontone, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/378091
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