Experiments at ASDEX Upgrade have been conducted to study the impact of the alignment of external magnetic perturbations (MPs) with n = 2 toroidal mode symmetry on the power threshold of the transition from L- to H-mode (P LH). This is interesting for ITER, since its operation will rely on an MP field configuration that securely suppresses edge localized modes (ELMs) while avoiding an increase in the L-H power threshold. P LH can increase up to ≈ 80 % when the external MP field is aligned to maximize the associated plasma response at the edge. This alignment deviates from the equilibrium field pitch and is similar to the one that is required to suppress ELMs by MPs in H-mode. The relative radial magnetic field perturbation δ B r / B T has to exceed a critical value, roughly 1.7 - 2 × 10 - 4 (at the q = 5 surface), to cause an increase in P LH. This value is above the one that is required to sustain ELM suppression at ASDEX Upgrade. Combining plasma response calculations with a critical value of δ B r / B T captures well the measured dependencies of P LH on the alignment of the applied MP field. The increase in P LH is accompanied by a change in the E × B flow velocity (v E × B) profile. The application of MPs in L-mode flattens and reverses the edge v E × B profile when at least δ B r / B T ≈ 1.9 × 10 - 4 is applied. This is the same value above which P LH increases. More heating power is needed to roughly achieve the same shear in the v E × B profile at the transition to H-mode as without MPs but with an v E × B profile that is shifted into the ion diamagnetic direction.

Willensdorfer, M., Plank, U., Brida, D., Cavedon, M., Conway, G., Ryan, D., et al. (2022). Dependence of the L-H power threshold on the alignment of external non-axisymmetric magnetic perturbations in ASDEX Upgrade. PHYSICS OF PLASMAS, 29(3) [10.1063/5.0073841].

Dependence of the L-H power threshold on the alignment of external non-axisymmetric magnetic perturbations in ASDEX Upgrade

Cavedon M.;
2022

Abstract

Experiments at ASDEX Upgrade have been conducted to study the impact of the alignment of external magnetic perturbations (MPs) with n = 2 toroidal mode symmetry on the power threshold of the transition from L- to H-mode (P LH). This is interesting for ITER, since its operation will rely on an MP field configuration that securely suppresses edge localized modes (ELMs) while avoiding an increase in the L-H power threshold. P LH can increase up to ≈ 80 % when the external MP field is aligned to maximize the associated plasma response at the edge. This alignment deviates from the equilibrium field pitch and is similar to the one that is required to suppress ELMs by MPs in H-mode. The relative radial magnetic field perturbation δ B r / B T has to exceed a critical value, roughly 1.7 - 2 × 10 - 4 (at the q = 5 surface), to cause an increase in P LH. This value is above the one that is required to sustain ELM suppression at ASDEX Upgrade. Combining plasma response calculations with a critical value of δ B r / B T captures well the measured dependencies of P LH on the alignment of the applied MP field. The increase in P LH is accompanied by a change in the E × B flow velocity (v E × B) profile. The application of MPs in L-mode flattens and reverses the edge v E × B profile when at least δ B r / B T ≈ 1.9 × 10 - 4 is applied. This is the same value above which P LH increases. More heating power is needed to roughly achieve the same shear in the v E × B profile at the transition to H-mode as without MPs but with an v E × B profile that is shifted into the ion diamagnetic direction.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Flow velocity; Magnetic resonance; Magnetism; Magnetoplasma;
English
Willensdorfer, M., Plank, U., Brida, D., Cavedon, M., Conway, G., Ryan, D., et al. (2022). Dependence of the L-H power threshold on the alignment of external non-axisymmetric magnetic perturbations in ASDEX Upgrade. PHYSICS OF PLASMAS, 29(3) [10.1063/5.0073841].
Willensdorfer, M; Plank, U; Brida, D; Cavedon, M; Conway, G; Ryan, D; Suttrop, W; Buchholz, R; Dunne, M; Fischer, R; Griener, M; Hobirk, J; Kasilov, S; Kirk, A; Mcdermott, R; Putterich, T; Tardini, G; Yu, Q
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/377082
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