Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a highly prevalent syndrome with multifaceted pathophysiology. All approaches to neurohormonal modulation were shown not to improve survival in HFpEF, despite their well-established efficacy in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This might be attributed to suboptimal study design, inadequate diagnostic criteria, or statistical power, but is also likely to reflect a lack of consideration for its clinical heterogeneity. The attention then shifted to the phenotypic heterogeneity of HFpEF, with the ultimate goal of developing therapies tailored to individual patient phenotypes. Recently, the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) empagliflozin has been found to reduce the combined risk of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for HF in patients with HFpEF, a result driven by a reduction in HF hospitalizations. This paper recapitulates the journey from the failure of trials on neurohormonal antagonists to the attempts of personalized approaches and the new perspectives of SGLT2i therapy for HFpEF.

Aimo, A., Senni, M., Barison, A., Panichella, G., Passino, C., Bayes-Genis, A., et al. (2022). Management of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: from neurohormonal antagonists to empagliflozin. HEART FAILURE REVIEWS [10.1007/s10741-022-10228-8].

Management of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: from neurohormonal antagonists to empagliflozin

Senni M.;
2022

Abstract

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a highly prevalent syndrome with multifaceted pathophysiology. All approaches to neurohormonal modulation were shown not to improve survival in HFpEF, despite their well-established efficacy in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This might be attributed to suboptimal study design, inadequate diagnostic criteria, or statistical power, but is also likely to reflect a lack of consideration for its clinical heterogeneity. The attention then shifted to the phenotypic heterogeneity of HFpEF, with the ultimate goal of developing therapies tailored to individual patient phenotypes. Recently, the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) empagliflozin has been found to reduce the combined risk of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for HF in patients with HFpEF, a result driven by a reduction in HF hospitalizations. This paper recapitulates the journey from the failure of trials on neurohormonal antagonists to the attempts of personalized approaches and the new perspectives of SGLT2i therapy for HFpEF.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Clinical trials; Heart failure; HFpEF; Preserved ejection fraction; Therapies;
English
Aimo, A., Senni, M., Barison, A., Panichella, G., Passino, C., Bayes-Genis, A., et al. (2022). Management of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: from neurohormonal antagonists to empagliflozin. HEART FAILURE REVIEWS [10.1007/s10741-022-10228-8].
Aimo, A; Senni, M; Barison, A; Panichella, G; Passino, C; Bayes-Genis, A; Emdin, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/377048
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