Introduction: Neurological soft signs (NSS) are subtle non-localizing sensorimotor abnormalities initially reported as increased in primary headache patients. The aims of this study were confirming with full power NSS increased expression in migraine and, collaterally, determining if psychiatric traits or white matter lesions at brain imaging could influence this result. Methods: Forty drug-free episodic migraine outpatients (MH) were recruited with 40 matched controls. NSS were determined by the 16-item Heidelberg scale; depression, anxiety and QoL by the HAM-D; the STAI-X1/X2; and the SF36, respectively. The Fazekas scale on brain MR studies was applied in n = 32 MH, unravelling deep white matter signal alterations (DWM). MH characteristics, including the headache disability inventory (HDI), were recorded. Results: NSS were 46% increased in MH vs. controls (p = 0.0001). HAM-D and STAI-X1/X2 were increased in MH, while SF36 was unchanged, but they all failed to influence NSS, just as MH characteristics. NSS scores were increased in MH-DWM + (n = 11, + 85%) vs. MH-DWM − (n = 21, + 27%) vs. controls (p < 0.0001). NSS increased expression in MH was influenced by DWM, while psychiatric traits and headache characteristics failed to do so. Discussion/conclusions: NSS are increased in MH and probably not influenced by the affective status, possibly marking a dysfunction within the cerebellar-thalamic-prefrontal circuit that may deserve further attention from the prognostic point of view.

Tremolizzo, L., Selvatico, D., Pozzi, F., Cereda, D., Difrancesco, J., Fumagalli, L., et al. (2022). Neurological soft signs are increased in migraine without aura: relationship with the affective status. NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES [10.1007/s10072-022-06143-3].

Neurological soft signs are increased in migraine without aura: relationship with the affective status

Tremolizzo, Lucio
;
Pozzi, Federico Emanuele;Cereda, Diletta;Fumagalli, Lorenzo;Ferrarese, Carlo;Appollonio, Ildebrando
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Neurological soft signs (NSS) are subtle non-localizing sensorimotor abnormalities initially reported as increased in primary headache patients. The aims of this study were confirming with full power NSS increased expression in migraine and, collaterally, determining if psychiatric traits or white matter lesions at brain imaging could influence this result. Methods: Forty drug-free episodic migraine outpatients (MH) were recruited with 40 matched controls. NSS were determined by the 16-item Heidelberg scale; depression, anxiety and QoL by the HAM-D; the STAI-X1/X2; and the SF36, respectively. The Fazekas scale on brain MR studies was applied in n = 32 MH, unravelling deep white matter signal alterations (DWM). MH characteristics, including the headache disability inventory (HDI), were recorded. Results: NSS were 46% increased in MH vs. controls (p = 0.0001). HAM-D and STAI-X1/X2 were increased in MH, while SF36 was unchanged, but they all failed to influence NSS, just as MH characteristics. NSS scores were increased in MH-DWM + (n = 11, + 85%) vs. MH-DWM − (n = 21, + 27%) vs. controls (p < 0.0001). NSS increased expression in MH was influenced by DWM, while psychiatric traits and headache characteristics failed to do so. Discussion/conclusions: NSS are increased in MH and probably not influenced by the affective status, possibly marking a dysfunction within the cerebellar-thalamic-prefrontal circuit that may deserve further attention from the prognostic point of view.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Anxiety; Brain imaging; Depression; Headache; Migraine; Neurological soft signs;
English
Tremolizzo, L., Selvatico, D., Pozzi, F., Cereda, D., Difrancesco, J., Fumagalli, L., et al. (2022). Neurological soft signs are increased in migraine without aura: relationship with the affective status. NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES [10.1007/s10072-022-06143-3].
Tremolizzo, L; Selvatico, D; Pozzi, F; Cereda, D; Difrancesco, J; Fumagalli, L; Ferrarese, C; Appollonio, I
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/376550
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