Norrishite, K(Mn2 3+Li)Si4O10(O)2, an OH-free mica, is found in a silicate-rich sample from the Wessels mine, Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. The mineral forms centimeter-sized black aggregates in dark-purple sugilite, and is associated with kornite and Mn-rich pectolite. Single-crystal X-ray data, collected on norrishite of end-member composition, yielded a monoclinic C2/m lattice with a = 5.291(2), b = 8.904(2), c = 10.049(4) Å, b = 98.15(5)¿, V = 920.6 Å3, and Z = 2, characteristic of the 1M polytype. 40Ar-39Ar analyses on a gem-quality sugilite yielded an age of 1048.1 ± 5.9 Ma interpreted as a mineral crystallization age that dates the main hydrothermal event that led to enrichment of the Mn ore. The norrishite age data are more complex and suggest a crystallization age ª1010 Ma and a subsequent alteration at ca. 850 Ma. The age results obtained suggest that the hydrothermal activity is related to the collision and tectonism affecting the edges of the Kalahari craton, and show that sugilite, and probably also unaltered norrishite, are suitable for dating metamorphism.

Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., Villa, I. (2003). Norrishite, K(Mn3+2Li)Si4O10(O)2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels mine, South Africa: crystal chemistry and 39Ar-40Ar dating. AMERICAN MINERALOGIST, 88(1), 189-194.

Norrishite, K(Mn3+2Li)Si4O10(O)2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels mine, South Africa: crystal chemistry and 39Ar-40Ar dating

VILLA, IGOR MARIA
2003-01

Abstract

Norrishite, K(Mn2 3+Li)Si4O10(O)2, an OH-free mica, is found in a silicate-rich sample from the Wessels mine, Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. The mineral forms centimeter-sized black aggregates in dark-purple sugilite, and is associated with kornite and Mn-rich pectolite. Single-crystal X-ray data, collected on norrishite of end-member composition, yielded a monoclinic C2/m lattice with a = 5.291(2), b = 8.904(2), c = 10.049(4) Å, b = 98.15(5)¿, V = 920.6 Å3, and Z = 2, characteristic of the 1M polytype. 40Ar-39Ar analyses on a gem-quality sugilite yielded an age of 1048.1 ± 5.9 Ma interpreted as a mineral crystallization age that dates the main hydrothermal event that led to enrichment of the Mn ore. The norrishite age data are more complex and suggest a crystallization age ª1010 Ma and a subsequent alteration at ca. 850 Ma. The age results obtained suggest that the hydrothermal activity is related to the collision and tectonism affecting the edges of the Kalahari craton, and show that sugilite, and probably also unaltered norrishite, are suitable for dating metamorphism.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
norrishite, geochronology, sugilite
English
189
194
6
Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., Villa, I. (2003). Norrishite, K(Mn3+2Li)Si4O10(O)2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels mine, South Africa: crystal chemistry and 39Ar-40Ar dating. AMERICAN MINERALOGIST, 88(1), 189-194.
Gnos, E; Armbruster, T; Villa, I
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/3755
Citazioni
  • Scopus 19
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
Social impact