BACKGROUND: In patients with heart failure, chronic kidney disease is common and associated with a higher risk of renal events than in patients without chronic kidney disease. We assessed the renal effects of angiotensin/neprilysin inhibition in patients who have heart failure with preserved ejection fraction enrolled in the PARAGON-HF trial (Prospective Comparison of ARNI With ARB Global Outcomes in HF With Preserved Ejection Fraction). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, event-driven trial, we assigned 4822 patients who had heart failure with preserved ejection fraction to receive sacubitril/valsartan (n=2419) or valsartan (n=2403). Herein, we present the results of the prespecified renal composite outcome (time to first occurrence of either: ≥50% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), end-stage renal disease, or death from renal causes), the individual components of this composite, and the influence of therapy on eGFR slope. RESULTS: At randomization, eGFR was 63±19 mL·min–1·1.73 m–2. At study closure, the composite renal outcome occurred in 33 patients (1.4%) assigned to sacubitril/valsartan and 64 patients (2.7%) assigned to valsartan (hazard ratio, 0.50 [95% CI, 0.33–0.77]; P=0.001). The treatment effect on the composite renal end point did not differ according to the baseline eGFR (<60 versus ≥60 mL·min–1·1.73 m–2 (Pinteraction=0.92). The decline in eGFR was less for sacubitril/valsartan than for valsartan (–2.0 [95% CI, –2.2 to –1.9] versus –2.7 [95% CI, –2.8 to –2.5] mL·min–1·1.73 m–2 per year). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, sacubitril/valsartan reduced the risk of renal events, and slowed decline in eGFR, in comparison with valsartan.

Mc Causland, F., Lefkowitz, M., Claggett, B., Anavekar, N., Senni, M., Gori, M., et al. (2020). Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition and renal outcomes in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. CIRCULATION, 142(13), 1236-1245 [10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.047643].

Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition and renal outcomes in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Senni M;
2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In patients with heart failure, chronic kidney disease is common and associated with a higher risk of renal events than in patients without chronic kidney disease. We assessed the renal effects of angiotensin/neprilysin inhibition in patients who have heart failure with preserved ejection fraction enrolled in the PARAGON-HF trial (Prospective Comparison of ARNI With ARB Global Outcomes in HF With Preserved Ejection Fraction). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, event-driven trial, we assigned 4822 patients who had heart failure with preserved ejection fraction to receive sacubitril/valsartan (n=2419) or valsartan (n=2403). Herein, we present the results of the prespecified renal composite outcome (time to first occurrence of either: ≥50% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), end-stage renal disease, or death from renal causes), the individual components of this composite, and the influence of therapy on eGFR slope. RESULTS: At randomization, eGFR was 63±19 mL·min–1·1.73 m–2. At study closure, the composite renal outcome occurred in 33 patients (1.4%) assigned to sacubitril/valsartan and 64 patients (2.7%) assigned to valsartan (hazard ratio, 0.50 [95% CI, 0.33–0.77]; P=0.001). The treatment effect on the composite renal end point did not differ according to the baseline eGFR (<60 versus ≥60 mL·min–1·1.73 m–2 (Pinteraction=0.92). The decline in eGFR was less for sacubitril/valsartan than for valsartan (–2.0 [95% CI, –2.2 to –1.9] versus –2.7 [95% CI, –2.8 to –2.5] mL·min–1·1.73 m–2 per year). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, sacubitril/valsartan reduced the risk of renal events, and slowed decline in eGFR, in comparison with valsartan.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Chronic; Heart failure; Renal insufficiency; Treatment outcome;
English
1236
1245
10
Mc Causland, F., Lefkowitz, M., Claggett, B., Anavekar, N., Senni, M., Gori, M., et al. (2020). Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition and renal outcomes in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. CIRCULATION, 142(13), 1236-1245 [10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.047643].
Mc Causland, F; Lefkowitz, M; Claggett, B; Anavekar, N; Senni, M; Gori, M; Jhund, P; Mcgrath, M; Packer, M; Shi, V; Van Veldhuisen, D; Zannad, F; Comin-Colet, J; Pfeffer, M; Mcmurray, J; Solomon, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/373122
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