The involvement of the cholinergic system in growth hormone (GH) secretion has acquired increased importance in the last few years. In rats, pretreatment with muscarinic cholinergic agonists potentiates the GH release induced by GH-releasing hormone (GHRH), via inhibition of somatostatin (SRIF) release from the hypothalamus. The aim of this study was to validate the use of cholinergic agonists to probe the functional activity of the hypothalamic SRIF system. It is known that hypothalamic SRIF displays an age-related increase in its functional activity; therefore, rats from 10 days to 29 months of age were used and challenged with GHRH following acute administration of pilocarpine, a cholinergic muscarinic agonist. Following administration of GHRH alone there was an age-related decline in GH responsiveness. Administration of pilocarpine potentiated the GH response to GHRH during the entire life-span of the rats, the only exception being 10-day-old rats in which the drug was without effect. Pilocarpine, though effective in potentiating the GH response to GHRH, did not restore, in senescent rats, GH stimulation to the level of that present in young (3-month old) or adult rats (8-month old). However, the drug was effective in rejuvenating the GH response to GHRH of the older rats (29- and 18-month old) to the level of 15-month-old rats. The present results indicate that modulation of the GH response to GHRH by pilocarpine is consonant with the known changes in the activity of hypothalamic SRIF. Cholinergic drugs may therefore represent a valuable tool to assess SRIF function in physiologic or pathologic conditions of GH secretion, and, in addition, to potentiate GH release during a course of GHRH therapy

Panzeri, G., Torsello, A.B., Cella, S., Müller, E., & Locatelli, V. (1990). Age-related modulatory activity by a cholinergic agonist on the growth hormone response to GH-releasing hormone in the rat. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 193(4), 301-305 [10.3181/00379727-193-43039].

Age-related modulatory activity by a cholinergic agonist on the growth hormone response to GH-releasing hormone in the rat

TORSELLO, ANTONIO BIAGIO;LOCATELLI, VITTORIO
1990

Abstract

The involvement of the cholinergic system in growth hormone (GH) secretion has acquired increased importance in the last few years. In rats, pretreatment with muscarinic cholinergic agonists potentiates the GH release induced by GH-releasing hormone (GHRH), via inhibition of somatostatin (SRIF) release from the hypothalamus. The aim of this study was to validate the use of cholinergic agonists to probe the functional activity of the hypothalamic SRIF system. It is known that hypothalamic SRIF displays an age-related increase in its functional activity; therefore, rats from 10 days to 29 months of age were used and challenged with GHRH following acute administration of pilocarpine, a cholinergic muscarinic agonist. Following administration of GHRH alone there was an age-related decline in GH responsiveness. Administration of pilocarpine potentiated the GH response to GHRH during the entire life-span of the rats, the only exception being 10-day-old rats in which the drug was without effect. Pilocarpine, though effective in potentiating the GH response to GHRH, did not restore, in senescent rats, GH stimulation to the level of that present in young (3-month old) or adult rats (8-month old). However, the drug was effective in rejuvenating the GH response to GHRH of the older rats (29- and 18-month old) to the level of 15-month-old rats. The present results indicate that modulation of the GH response to GHRH by pilocarpine is consonant with the known changes in the activity of hypothalamic SRIF. Cholinergic drugs may therefore represent a valuable tool to assess SRIF function in physiologic or pathologic conditions of GH secretion, and, in addition, to potentiate GH release during a course of GHRH therapy
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Rats; Animals; Hypothalamus; Aging; Pilocarpine; Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone; Male; Growth Hormone
English
Panzeri, G., Torsello, A.B., Cella, S., Müller, E., & Locatelli, V. (1990). Age-related modulatory activity by a cholinergic agonist on the growth hormone response to GH-releasing hormone in the rat. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 193(4), 301-305 [10.3181/00379727-193-43039].
Panzeri, G; Torsello, A; Cella, S; Müller, E; Locatelli, V
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/37148
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