Background In the first 24 h after pacemaker or implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) implantation or replacement, the occurrence of hematoma and pain in the surgically treated region is not infrequent and may result in re-intervention and/or more severe complications, such as infections. Currently, the post-implant phase management is very empiric. The aim of this study was to test the clinical applicability and usefulness of an external close-circuit cooling system for the management of the early post-implant period in patients with high risk of hematoma due to anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet therapy. Methods We studied 135 patients (78 M; 71 ± 11 years) with high risk of hematoma occurrence after pace-maker (63 patients) or ICD (72 patients) implantation or replacement. Immediately after the intervention, a closed-circuit cooling system (CAREPACE™ system, Zamar, Italy) was externally applied on the pre-pectoral region to each patient and maintained for 24 h. The system has a compressive pad and a refrigerating circuit in which non-toxic glycolic fluid is pumped. The fluid temperature was set and kept at 5 °C for the whole period. Results The compressive and cooling effect of the system was well tolerated by all the patients at the temperature set. Four patients complained of noise due to machine operation, but in none the treatment was interrupted. The average length of hospital stay was 2.8 ± 0.4 days. No clinically significant hematoma was observed at discharge and after one month follow-up visit. Conclusions This new system can be used for the management of the early phase after device implantation or replacement and appears clinically useful and well tolerated. Further studies on a larger scale are needed to test the potential reduction of post-intervention complications and the cost-effectiveness of this device.

Giofrè, F., Ferrari, P., Leidi, C., Foschi, M., Senni, M., & De Filippo, P. (2017). External closed-circuit cooling system for management of patients after device implantation: A feasibility study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 241(15 August 2017), 235-237 [10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.04.048].

External closed-circuit cooling system for management of patients after device implantation: A feasibility study

Senni M;
2017

Abstract

Background In the first 24 h after pacemaker or implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) implantation or replacement, the occurrence of hematoma and pain in the surgically treated region is not infrequent and may result in re-intervention and/or more severe complications, such as infections. Currently, the post-implant phase management is very empiric. The aim of this study was to test the clinical applicability and usefulness of an external close-circuit cooling system for the management of the early post-implant period in patients with high risk of hematoma due to anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet therapy. Methods We studied 135 patients (78 M; 71 ± 11 years) with high risk of hematoma occurrence after pace-maker (63 patients) or ICD (72 patients) implantation or replacement. Immediately after the intervention, a closed-circuit cooling system (CAREPACE™ system, Zamar, Italy) was externally applied on the pre-pectoral region to each patient and maintained for 24 h. The system has a compressive pad and a refrigerating circuit in which non-toxic glycolic fluid is pumped. The fluid temperature was set and kept at 5 °C for the whole period. Results The compressive and cooling effect of the system was well tolerated by all the patients at the temperature set. Four patients complained of noise due to machine operation, but in none the treatment was interrupted. The average length of hospital stay was 2.8 ± 0.4 days. No clinically significant hematoma was observed at discharge and after one month follow-up visit. Conclusions This new system can be used for the management of the early phase after device implantation or replacement and appears clinically useful and well tolerated. Further studies on a larger scale are needed to test the potential reduction of post-intervention complications and the cost-effectiveness of this device.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Haematoma; ICD; Pacing;
English
Giofrè, F., Ferrari, P., Leidi, C., Foschi, M., Senni, M., & De Filippo, P. (2017). External closed-circuit cooling system for management of patients after device implantation: A feasibility study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 241(15 August 2017), 235-237 [10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.04.048].
Giofrè, F; Ferrari, P; Leidi, C; Foschi, M; Senni, M; De Filippo, P
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/371452
Citazioni
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
Social impact