Despite the high levels of interest in the synthesis of bio-inspired [FeFe]-hydrogenase complexes, H2 oxidation, which is one specific aspect of hydrogenase enzymatic activity, is not observed for most reported complexes. To attempt H-H bond cleavage, two disubstituted diiron dithiolate complexes in the form of [Fe2(μ-pdt)L2(CO)4] (L: PMe3, dmpe) have been used to play the non-biomimetic role of a Lewis base, with frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) formed in the presence of B(C6F5)3 Lewis acid. These unprecedented FLPs, based on the bimetallic Lewis base partner, allow the heterolytic splitting of the H2 molecule, forming a protonated diiron cation and hydrido-borate anion. The substitution, symmetrical or asymmetrical, of two phosphine ligands at the diiron dithiolate core induces a strong difference in the H2 bond cleavage abilities, with the FLP based on the first complex being more efficient than the second. DFT investigations examined the different mechanistic pathways involving each accessible isomer and rationalized the experimental findings. One of the main DFT results highlights that the iron site acting as a Lewis base for the asymmetrical complex is the {Fe(CO)3} subunit, which is less electron-rich than the {FeL(CO)2} site of the symmetrical complex, diminishing the reactivity towards H2. Calculations relating to the different mechanistic pathways revealed the presence of a terminal hydride intermediate at the apical site of a rotated {Fe(CO)3} site, which is experimentally observed, and a semi-bridging hydride intermediate from H2 activation at the Fe-Fe site; these are responsible for a favourable back-reaction, reducing the conversion yield observed in the case of the asymmetrical complex. The use of two equivalents of Lewis acid allows for more complete and faster H2 bond cleavage due to the encapsulation of the hydrido-borate species by a second borane, favouring the reactivity of each FLP, in agreement with DFT calculations.

Chatelain, L., Breton, J., Arrigoni, F., Schollhammer, P., Zampella, G. (2022). Geometrical influence on the non-biomimetic heterolytic splitting of H2 by bio-inspired [FeFe]-hydrogenase complexes: a rare example of inverted frustrated Lewis pair based reactivity. CHEMICAL SCIENCE, 13(17), 4863-4873 [10.1039/d1sc06975f].

Geometrical influence on the non-biomimetic heterolytic splitting of H2 by bio-inspired [FeFe]-hydrogenase complexes: a rare example of inverted frustrated Lewis pair based reactivity

Arrigoni F.
;
Zampella G.
2022

Abstract

Despite the high levels of interest in the synthesis of bio-inspired [FeFe]-hydrogenase complexes, H2 oxidation, which is one specific aspect of hydrogenase enzymatic activity, is not observed for most reported complexes. To attempt H-H bond cleavage, two disubstituted diiron dithiolate complexes in the form of [Fe2(μ-pdt)L2(CO)4] (L: PMe3, dmpe) have been used to play the non-biomimetic role of a Lewis base, with frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) formed in the presence of B(C6F5)3 Lewis acid. These unprecedented FLPs, based on the bimetallic Lewis base partner, allow the heterolytic splitting of the H2 molecule, forming a protonated diiron cation and hydrido-borate anion. The substitution, symmetrical or asymmetrical, of two phosphine ligands at the diiron dithiolate core induces a strong difference in the H2 bond cleavage abilities, with the FLP based on the first complex being more efficient than the second. DFT investigations examined the different mechanistic pathways involving each accessible isomer and rationalized the experimental findings. One of the main DFT results highlights that the iron site acting as a Lewis base for the asymmetrical complex is the {Fe(CO)3} subunit, which is less electron-rich than the {FeL(CO)2} site of the symmetrical complex, diminishing the reactivity towards H2. Calculations relating to the different mechanistic pathways revealed the presence of a terminal hydride intermediate at the apical site of a rotated {Fe(CO)3} site, which is experimentally observed, and a semi-bridging hydride intermediate from H2 activation at the Fe-Fe site; these are responsible for a favourable back-reaction, reducing the conversion yield observed in the case of the asymmetrical complex. The use of two equivalents of Lewis acid allows for more complete and faster H2 bond cleavage due to the encapsulation of the hydrido-borate species by a second borane, favouring the reactivity of each FLP, in agreement with DFT calculations.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Biomimetics; Ligands; Phosphorus compounds; Reaction intermediates; Synthesis;Bond cleavages; Complex H; Dithiolates; Frustrated lewis pairs; Heterolytic splitting; Lewis Acid; Lewis base; Mechanistic pathways; [FeFe]-hydrogenases; Hydrides;
English
4863
4873
11
Chatelain, L., Breton, J., Arrigoni, F., Schollhammer, P., Zampella, G. (2022). Geometrical influence on the non-biomimetic heterolytic splitting of H2 by bio-inspired [FeFe]-hydrogenase complexes: a rare example of inverted frustrated Lewis pair based reactivity. CHEMICAL SCIENCE, 13(17), 4863-4873 [10.1039/d1sc06975f].
Chatelain, L; Breton, J; Arrigoni, F; Schollhammer, P; Zampella, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/371229
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