The involvement of the cholinergic system in GH secretion has recently acquired increasing importance. Data have been presented suggesting that in rats the effect of cholinergic modulation on GH secretion takes place through inhibition or stimulation of hypothalamic somatostatin (SRIF) release. To investigate further the significance of cholinergic-SRIF link and its role in the regulation of GH secretion, the action of cholinergic agonist and antagonist drugs in the GH short-loop feedback mechanism mediated by SRIF was investigated. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of 0.2 or 2.0 micrograms GH/rat into the lateral brain ventricle of adult male rats induced a significant reduction in the GH-releasing hormone (GHRH; 2 micrograms/kg, i.v.)-induced peak GH rise, but only the 2.0 micrograms dose reduced also the GH-integrated area after administration of GHRH. This effect was absent after central administration of 20.0 micrograms GH/rat, due probably to leakage of some GH from the cerebral ventricle into the systemic circulation. Pretreatment with cysteamine (300 mg/kg, s.c.), a known depletor of hypothalamic SRIF, or with anti-SRIF serum (0.5 ml/rat) completely counteracted the lessening of the GH response to GHRH induced by 2.0 micrograms GH injected i.c.v. Similarly, pretreatment with the cholinergic agonist pilocarpine (3 mg/kg, i.v.) completely antagonized the inhibitory effect of central infusion of GH on the GHRH-induced GH response. Atropine (1.0 mg/kg, i.v.), a muscarinic cholinergic antagonist, strikingly inhibited the GHRH-induced GH rise, but when given in combination with i.c.v. infusion of GH there was no additive inhibitory effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Torsello, A., Panzeri, G., Cermenati, P., Caroleo, M., Ghigo, E., Camanni, F., et al. (1988). Involvement of the somatostatin and cholinergic systems in the mechanism of growth hormone autofeedback regulation in the rat. JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, 117(2), 273-281 [10.1677/joe.0.1170273].

Involvement of the somatostatin and cholinergic systems in the mechanism of growth hormone autofeedback regulation in the rat

TORSELLO, ANTONIO BIAGIO;LOCATELLI, VITTORIO
1988-05

Abstract

The involvement of the cholinergic system in GH secretion has recently acquired increasing importance. Data have been presented suggesting that in rats the effect of cholinergic modulation on GH secretion takes place through inhibition or stimulation of hypothalamic somatostatin (SRIF) release. To investigate further the significance of cholinergic-SRIF link and its role in the regulation of GH secretion, the action of cholinergic agonist and antagonist drugs in the GH short-loop feedback mechanism mediated by SRIF was investigated. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of 0.2 or 2.0 micrograms GH/rat into the lateral brain ventricle of adult male rats induced a significant reduction in the GH-releasing hormone (GHRH; 2 micrograms/kg, i.v.)-induced peak GH rise, but only the 2.0 micrograms dose reduced also the GH-integrated area after administration of GHRH. This effect was absent after central administration of 20.0 micrograms GH/rat, due probably to leakage of some GH from the cerebral ventricle into the systemic circulation. Pretreatment with cysteamine (300 mg/kg, s.c.), a known depletor of hypothalamic SRIF, or with anti-SRIF serum (0.5 ml/rat) completely counteracted the lessening of the GH response to GHRH induced by 2.0 micrograms GH injected i.c.v. Similarly, pretreatment with the cholinergic agonist pilocarpine (3 mg/kg, i.v.) completely antagonized the inhibitory effect of central infusion of GH on the GHRH-induced GH response. Atropine (1.0 mg/kg, i.v.), a muscarinic cholinergic antagonist, strikingly inhibited the GHRH-induced GH rise, but when given in combination with i.c.v. infusion of GH there was no additive inhibitory effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Rats, Inbred Strains; Rats; Animals; Hypothalamus; Cysteamine; Pilocarpine; Feedback; Somatostatin; Male; Growth Hormone; Atropine
English
Torsello, A., Panzeri, G., Cermenati, P., Caroleo, M., Ghigo, E., Camanni, F., et al. (1988). Involvement of the somatostatin and cholinergic systems in the mechanism of growth hormone autofeedback regulation in the rat. JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, 117(2), 273-281 [10.1677/joe.0.1170273].
Torsello, A; Panzeri, G; Cermenati, P; Caroleo, M; Ghigo, E; Camanni, F; Müller, E; Locatelli, V
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/37119
Citazioni
  • Scopus 61
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 78
Social impact