Background: Advances in regional anesthesia and pain management led to the advent of ultrasound-guided fascial plane blocks, which represent a new and promising route for the administration of local anesthetics. Both practical and theoretical knowledge of locoregional anesthesia are therefore becoming fundamental, requiring specific training programs for residents. Simulation-based medical education and training (SBET) has been recently applied to ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) with remarkable results. With this in mind, the anesthesia and intensive care residency program of the University of Milano-Bicocca organized a 4-h regional anesthesia training workshop with the BlockSim® (Accurate Srl, Cesena) simulator. Our study aimed to measure the residents' improvement in terms of reduction in time required to achieve an erector spinae plane (ESP) block. Methods: Fifty-two first-year anesthesia residents were exposed to a 4-h training workshop focused on peripheral blocks. The course included an introductory theoretical session held by a locoregional anesthetist expert, a practical training on human models and mannequins using Onvision® (B. Braun, Milano) technologies, and two test performances on the BlockSim simulator. Residents were asked to perform two ESP blocks on the BlockSim: the first without previous practice on the simulator, the second at the end of the course. Trainees were also also asked to complete a self-assessment questionnaire. Results: The time needed to achieve the block during the second attempt was significantly shorter (131 [83, 198] vs. 68 [27, 91] s, p < 0.001). We also observed a reduction in the number of needle insertions from 3 [2, 7] to 2 [1, 4] (p = 0.002), and an improvement aiming correctly at the ESP from 30 (58%) to 46 (88%) (p < 0.001). Forty-nine (94%) of the residents reported to have improved their regional anesthesia knowledge, 38 (73%) perceived an improvement in their technical skills and 46 (88%) of the trainees declared to be “satisfied/very satisfied” with the course. Conclusions: A 4-h hands-on course based on SBET may enhance first-year residents' UGRA ability, decrease the number of punctures and time needed to perform the ESP block, and improve the correct aim of the fascia.

Torrano, V., Zadek, F., Bugada, D., Cappelleri, G., Russo, G., Tinti, G., et al. (2022). Simulation-Based Medical Education and Training Enhance Anesthesia Residents' Proficiency in Erector Spinae Plane Block. FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, 9(8 April 2022) [10.3389/fmed.2022.870372].

Simulation-Based Medical Education and Training Enhance Anesthesia Residents' Proficiency in Erector Spinae Plane Block

Zadek, Francesco
Secondo
;
Tinti, Giulia;Giorgi, Antonio;Langer, Thomas
Penultimo
;
Fumagalli, Roberto
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background: Advances in regional anesthesia and pain management led to the advent of ultrasound-guided fascial plane blocks, which represent a new and promising route for the administration of local anesthetics. Both practical and theoretical knowledge of locoregional anesthesia are therefore becoming fundamental, requiring specific training programs for residents. Simulation-based medical education and training (SBET) has been recently applied to ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) with remarkable results. With this in mind, the anesthesia and intensive care residency program of the University of Milano-Bicocca organized a 4-h regional anesthesia training workshop with the BlockSim® (Accurate Srl, Cesena) simulator. Our study aimed to measure the residents' improvement in terms of reduction in time required to achieve an erector spinae plane (ESP) block. Methods: Fifty-two first-year anesthesia residents were exposed to a 4-h training workshop focused on peripheral blocks. The course included an introductory theoretical session held by a locoregional anesthetist expert, a practical training on human models and mannequins using Onvision® (B. Braun, Milano) technologies, and two test performances on the BlockSim simulator. Residents were asked to perform two ESP blocks on the BlockSim: the first without previous practice on the simulator, the second at the end of the course. Trainees were also also asked to complete a self-assessment questionnaire. Results: The time needed to achieve the block during the second attempt was significantly shorter (131 [83, 198] vs. 68 [27, 91] s, p < 0.001). We also observed a reduction in the number of needle insertions from 3 [2, 7] to 2 [1, 4] (p = 0.002), and an improvement aiming correctly at the ESP from 30 (58%) to 46 (88%) (p < 0.001). Forty-nine (94%) of the residents reported to have improved their regional anesthesia knowledge, 38 (73%) perceived an improvement in their technical skills and 46 (88%) of the trainees declared to be “satisfied/very satisfied” with the course. Conclusions: A 4-h hands-on course based on SBET may enhance first-year residents' UGRA ability, decrease the number of punctures and time needed to perform the ESP block, and improve the correct aim of the fascia.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
erector spinae plane (ESP) block; high fidelity simulation; improved proficiency; medical education; resident training; ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia;
English
Torrano, V., Zadek, F., Bugada, D., Cappelleri, G., Russo, G., Tinti, G., et al. (2022). Simulation-Based Medical Education and Training Enhance Anesthesia Residents' Proficiency in Erector Spinae Plane Block. FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, 9(8 April 2022) [10.3389/fmed.2022.870372].
Torrano, V; Zadek, F; Bugada, D; Cappelleri, G; Russo, G; Tinti, G; Giorgi, A; Langer, T; Fumagalli, R
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/369560
Citazioni
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
Social impact