Many proteins "bind'' DNA through positively charged amino acids on their surfaces. However, to overcome significant energetic and topological obstacles, proteins that bend or package DNA might also modulate the stiffness that is generated by repulsions between phosphates within DNA. Much previous work describes how ions change the flexibility of DNA in solution, but when considering macromolecules such as chromatin in which the DNA contacts the nucleosome core each turn of the double helix, it may be more appropriate to assess the. exibility of DNA on charged surfaces. Mica coated with positively charged molecules is a convenient substrate upon which the. exibility of DNA may be directly measured with a scanning force microscope. In the experiments described below, the. exibility of DNA increased as much as fivefold depending on the concentration and type of polyamine used to coat mica. Using theory that relates charge neutralization to. exibility, we predict that phosphate repulsions were attenuated by similar to 50% in the most flexible DNA observed. This simple method is an important tool for investigating the physiochemical causes and molecular biological effects of DNA. exibility, which affects DNA biochemistry ranging from chromatin stability to viral encapsulation.

Podestà, A., Indrieri, M., Brogioli, D., Manning, G., Milani, P., Guerra, R., et al. (2005). Positively Charged Surfaces Increase the Flexibility of DNA. BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 89(4), 2558-2563 [10.1529/biophysj.105.064667].

Positively Charged Surfaces Increase the Flexibility of DNA

BROGIOLI, DORIANO COSTANTINO;
2005

Abstract

Many proteins "bind'' DNA through positively charged amino acids on their surfaces. However, to overcome significant energetic and topological obstacles, proteins that bend or package DNA might also modulate the stiffness that is generated by repulsions between phosphates within DNA. Much previous work describes how ions change the flexibility of DNA in solution, but when considering macromolecules such as chromatin in which the DNA contacts the nucleosome core each turn of the double helix, it may be more appropriate to assess the. exibility of DNA on charged surfaces. Mica coated with positively charged molecules is a convenient substrate upon which the. exibility of DNA may be directly measured with a scanning force microscope. In the experiments described below, the. exibility of DNA increased as much as fivefold depending on the concentration and type of polyamine used to coat mica. Using theory that relates charge neutralization to. exibility, we predict that phosphate repulsions were attenuated by similar to 50% in the most flexible DNA observed. This simple method is an important tool for investigating the physiochemical causes and molecular biological effects of DNA. exibility, which affects DNA biochemistry ranging from chromatin stability to viral encapsulation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
DNA; nanomechanics; flexibility of polymers
English
2558
2563
6
Podestà, A., Indrieri, M., Brogioli, D., Manning, G., Milani, P., Guerra, R., et al. (2005). Positively Charged Surfaces Increase the Flexibility of DNA. BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 89(4), 2558-2563 [10.1529/biophysj.105.064667].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/36921
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