Background: Analysis of subtypes of picture naming errors produced by patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have seldom been investigated yet may clarify the cognitive and neural underpinnings of naming in the AD spectrum. Objective: To elucidate the neurocognitive bases of picture naming in AD through a qualitative analysis of errors. Methods: Over 1000 naming errors produced by 70 patients with amnestic, visuospatial, linguistic, or frontal AD were correlated with general cognitive tests and with distribution of hypometabolism on FDG-PET. Results: Principal component analysis identified 1) a Visual processing factor clustering visuospatial tests and unrecognized stimuli, pure visual errors and visual-semantic errors, associated with right parieto-occipital hypometabolism; 2) a Concept-Lemma factor grouping language tests and anomias, circumlocutions, superordinates, and coordinates, correlated with left basal temporal hypometabolism; 3) a Lemma-Phonology factor including the digit span and phonological errors, linked with left temporo-parietal hypometabolism. Regression of brain metabolism on individual errors showed that errors due to impairment of basic and higher-order processing of object visual attributes or of their interaction with semantics, were related with bilateral occipital and left occipito-temporal dysfunction. Omissions and superordinates were linked to degradation of broad and basic concepts in the left basal temporal cortex. Semantic-lexical errors derived from faulty semantically- and phonologically-driven lexical retrieval in the left superior and middle temporal gyri. Generation of nonwords was underpinned by of phonological impairment within the left inferior parietal cortex. Conclusion: Analysis of individual naming errors allowed to outline a comprehensive anatomo-functional model of picture naming in classical and atypical AD.

Isella, V., Rosazza, C., Ferri, F., Gazzotti, M., Impagnatiello, V., Mapelli, C., et al. (2022). Learning From Mistakes: Cognitive and Metabolic Correlates of Errors on Picture Naming in the Alzheimer's Disease Spectrum. JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE, 87(3), 1033-1053 [10.3233/JAD-220053].

Learning From Mistakes: Cognitive and Metabolic Correlates of Errors on Picture Naming in the Alzheimer's Disease Spectrum

Isella, Valeria
;
Ferri, Francesca;Mapelli, Cristina;Morzenti, Sabrina;Crivellaro, Cinzia;Appollonio, Ildebrando
Penultimo
;
Ferrarese, Carlo
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background: Analysis of subtypes of picture naming errors produced by patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have seldom been investigated yet may clarify the cognitive and neural underpinnings of naming in the AD spectrum. Objective: To elucidate the neurocognitive bases of picture naming in AD through a qualitative analysis of errors. Methods: Over 1000 naming errors produced by 70 patients with amnestic, visuospatial, linguistic, or frontal AD were correlated with general cognitive tests and with distribution of hypometabolism on FDG-PET. Results: Principal component analysis identified 1) a Visual processing factor clustering visuospatial tests and unrecognized stimuli, pure visual errors and visual-semantic errors, associated with right parieto-occipital hypometabolism; 2) a Concept-Lemma factor grouping language tests and anomias, circumlocutions, superordinates, and coordinates, correlated with left basal temporal hypometabolism; 3) a Lemma-Phonology factor including the digit span and phonological errors, linked with left temporo-parietal hypometabolism. Regression of brain metabolism on individual errors showed that errors due to impairment of basic and higher-order processing of object visual attributes or of their interaction with semantics, were related with bilateral occipital and left occipito-temporal dysfunction. Omissions and superordinates were linked to degradation of broad and basic concepts in the left basal temporal cortex. Semantic-lexical errors derived from faulty semantically- and phonologically-driven lexical retrieval in the left superior and middle temporal gyri. Generation of nonwords was underpinned by of phonological impairment within the left inferior parietal cortex. Conclusion: Analysis of individual naming errors allowed to outline a comprehensive anatomo-functional model of picture naming in classical and atypical AD.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Alzheimer's disease; aphasia; brain metabolism; dementia; FDG-PET; language; naming; naming errors;
English
1033
1053
21
Isella, V., Rosazza, C., Ferri, F., Gazzotti, M., Impagnatiello, V., Mapelli, C., et al. (2022). Learning From Mistakes: Cognitive and Metabolic Correlates of Errors on Picture Naming in the Alzheimer's Disease Spectrum. JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE, 87(3), 1033-1053 [10.3233/JAD-220053].
Isella, V; Rosazza, C; Ferri, F; Gazzotti, M; Impagnatiello, V; Mapelli, C; Morzenti, S; Crivellaro, C; Appollonio, I; Ferrarese, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/368601
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