Background: Effective reduction of albuminuria and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes who have nephropathy is seldom achieved with available treatments. We tested the effects of treatment of such patients with daglutril, a combined endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase inhibitor. Methods: We did this randomised, crossover trial in two hospitals in Italy. Eligibility criteria were: age 18 years or older, urinary albumin excretion 20-999 μg/min, systolic blood pressure (BP) less than 140 mm Hg, and diastolic BP less than 90 mm Hg. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) with a computer-generated randomised sequence to receive either daglutril (300 mg/day) then placebo for 8 weeks each or vice versa, with a 4-week washout period. Patients also took losartan throughout. Participants and investigators were masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was 24-h urinary albumin excretion in the intention-to-treat population. Secondary endpoints were median office and ambulatory (24 h, daytime, and night-time) BP, renal haemodynamics and sieving function, and metabolic and laboratory test results. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00160225. Findings: We screened 58 patients, of whom 45 were enrolled (22 assigned to daglutril then placebo, 23 to placebo then daglutril; enrolment from May, 2005, to December, 2006) and 42 (20 vs 22) were included in the primary analysis. Daglutril did not significantly affect 24-h urinary albumin excretion compared with placebo (difference in change -7·6 μg/min, IQR -78·7 to 19·0; p=0·559). 34 patients had complete 24-h BP readings; compared with placebo, daglutril significantly reduced 24-h systolic (difference -5·2 mm Hg, SD 9·4; p=0·0013), diastolic (-2·5, 6·2; p=0·015), pulse (-3·0, 6·3; p=0·019), and mean (-3·1, 6·2; p=0·003) BP, as well as all night-time BP readings and daytime systolic, pulse, and mean BP, but not diastolic BP. Compared with placebo, daglutril also significantly reduced office systolic BP (-5·4, 15·4; p=0·028), but not diastolic (-1·8, 9·9; p=0·245), pulse (-3·1, 10·6; p=0·210), or mean (-2·1, 10·4; p=0·205) BP, and increased big endothelin serum concentration. Other secondary outcomes did not differ significantly between treatment periods. Three patients taking placebo and six patients taking daglutril had mild treatment-related adverse events-the most common was facial or peripheral oedema (in four patients taking daglutril). Interpretation: Daglutril improved control of BP in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy and had an acceptable safety profile. Combined endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase inhibition could provide a new approach to hypertension in this high-risk population.

Parvanova, A., van der Meer, I., Iliev, I., Perna, A., Gaspari, F., Trevisan, R., et al. (2013). Effect on blood pressure of combined inhibition of endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase with daglutril in patients with type 2 diabetes who have albuminuria: a randomised, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. THE LANCET DIABETES & ENDOCRINOLOGY, 1(1), 19-27 [10.1016/S2213-8587(13)70029-9].

Effect on blood pressure of combined inhibition of endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase with daglutril in patients with type 2 diabetes who have albuminuria: a randomised, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Trevisan R;
2013

Abstract

Background: Effective reduction of albuminuria and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes who have nephropathy is seldom achieved with available treatments. We tested the effects of treatment of such patients with daglutril, a combined endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase inhibitor. Methods: We did this randomised, crossover trial in two hospitals in Italy. Eligibility criteria were: age 18 years or older, urinary albumin excretion 20-999 μg/min, systolic blood pressure (BP) less than 140 mm Hg, and diastolic BP less than 90 mm Hg. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) with a computer-generated randomised sequence to receive either daglutril (300 mg/day) then placebo for 8 weeks each or vice versa, with a 4-week washout period. Patients also took losartan throughout. Participants and investigators were masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was 24-h urinary albumin excretion in the intention-to-treat population. Secondary endpoints were median office and ambulatory (24 h, daytime, and night-time) BP, renal haemodynamics and sieving function, and metabolic and laboratory test results. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00160225. Findings: We screened 58 patients, of whom 45 were enrolled (22 assigned to daglutril then placebo, 23 to placebo then daglutril; enrolment from May, 2005, to December, 2006) and 42 (20 vs 22) were included in the primary analysis. Daglutril did not significantly affect 24-h urinary albumin excretion compared with placebo (difference in change -7·6 μg/min, IQR -78·7 to 19·0; p=0·559). 34 patients had complete 24-h BP readings; compared with placebo, daglutril significantly reduced 24-h systolic (difference -5·2 mm Hg, SD 9·4; p=0·0013), diastolic (-2·5, 6·2; p=0·015), pulse (-3·0, 6·3; p=0·019), and mean (-3·1, 6·2; p=0·003) BP, as well as all night-time BP readings and daytime systolic, pulse, and mean BP, but not diastolic BP. Compared with placebo, daglutril also significantly reduced office systolic BP (-5·4, 15·4; p=0·028), but not diastolic (-1·8, 9·9; p=0·245), pulse (-3·1, 10·6; p=0·210), or mean (-2·1, 10·4; p=0·205) BP, and increased big endothelin serum concentration. Other secondary outcomes did not differ significantly between treatment periods. Three patients taking placebo and six patients taking daglutril had mild treatment-related adverse events-the most common was facial or peripheral oedema (in four patients taking daglutril). Interpretation: Daglutril improved control of BP in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy and had an acceptable safety profile. Combined endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase inhibition could provide a new approach to hypertension in this high-risk population.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
albuminuria, blood pressure,type 2 diabetes, endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase inhibitor
English
Parvanova, A., van der Meer, I., Iliev, I., Perna, A., Gaspari, F., Trevisan, R., et al. (2013). Effect on blood pressure of combined inhibition of endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase with daglutril in patients with type 2 diabetes who have albuminuria: a randomised, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. THE LANCET DIABETES & ENDOCRINOLOGY, 1(1), 19-27 [10.1016/S2213-8587(13)70029-9].
Parvanova, A; van der Meer, I; Iliev, I; Perna, A; Gaspari, F; Trevisan, R; Bossi, A; Remuzzi, G; Benigni, A; Ruggenenti, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/368289
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