OBJECTIVE - To assess whether the insulin analog lispro may antagonize the renal effects of IGF-1, a mediator of glomerular hyperfiltration involved in the progression of diabetic and nondiabetic chronic nephropathies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - in a randomized crossover study, we compared the renal and metabolic responses to regular or lispro insulin (0.1 units/kg body wt) administered after a euglycemic clamp and 5 and 30 min before a standard meal to 11 type 2 diabetic patients with macroalbuminuria. RESULTS - Two- and four-hour postprandial changes (vs. preprandial euglycemia) in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) followed a significantly different trend (5.8 +/- 5.0 vs. -6.3 +/- 4.7, P < 0.05; and 11.0 +/- 6.8 vs. 0.7 +/- 5.1%, P < 0.05) after regular insulin and lispro injection, respectively. After lispro, postprandial GFR changes were negatively correlated (r = -0.48, P = 0.0001) with plasma insulin concentration. After regular insulin, renal plasma flow increased in parallel with a decrease in renal vascular resistances. Both changes were fully prevented by lispro. Postprandial blood glucose maximum concentration (278 +/- 16 vs. 240 +/- 16 mg/dl, P < 0.01) and area under the curve (79,381 +/- 19,237 vs. 72,810 +/- 16,2 11 mg/dl per min, P < 0,05) were significantly lower after insulin lispro than after regular insulin injection, respectively, despite comparable postprandial insulin profiles. Changes in total and gluconeogenic amino acids followed a similar trend. Changes in blood glucose and plasma amino acids did not correlate with concomitant changes in GFR. CONCLUSIONS - in overt nephropathy of type 2 diabetes, lispro prevents glomerular hyperfiltration and offsets the renal effects of meal or meal-associated hyperglycemia by mechanisms possibly related to IGF-1 antagonism.

Ruggenenti, P., Flores, C., Aros, C., Ene-Iordache, B., Trevisan, R., Ottomano, C., et al. (2003). Ronal and metabolic effects of insulin lispro in type 2 diabetic sublects with overt nephropathy. DIABETES CARE, 26(2), 502-509 [10.2337/diacare.26.2.502].

Ronal and metabolic effects of insulin lispro in type 2 diabetic sublects with overt nephropathy

Trevisan R;
2003

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To assess whether the insulin analog lispro may antagonize the renal effects of IGF-1, a mediator of glomerular hyperfiltration involved in the progression of diabetic and nondiabetic chronic nephropathies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - in a randomized crossover study, we compared the renal and metabolic responses to regular or lispro insulin (0.1 units/kg body wt) administered after a euglycemic clamp and 5 and 30 min before a standard meal to 11 type 2 diabetic patients with macroalbuminuria. RESULTS - Two- and four-hour postprandial changes (vs. preprandial euglycemia) in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) followed a significantly different trend (5.8 +/- 5.0 vs. -6.3 +/- 4.7, P < 0.05; and 11.0 +/- 6.8 vs. 0.7 +/- 5.1%, P < 0.05) after regular insulin and lispro injection, respectively. After lispro, postprandial GFR changes were negatively correlated (r = -0.48, P = 0.0001) with plasma insulin concentration. After regular insulin, renal plasma flow increased in parallel with a decrease in renal vascular resistances. Both changes were fully prevented by lispro. Postprandial blood glucose maximum concentration (278 +/- 16 vs. 240 +/- 16 mg/dl, P < 0.01) and area under the curve (79,381 +/- 19,237 vs. 72,810 +/- 16,2 11 mg/dl per min, P < 0,05) were significantly lower after insulin lispro than after regular insulin injection, respectively, despite comparable postprandial insulin profiles. Changes in total and gluconeogenic amino acids followed a similar trend. Changes in blood glucose and plasma amino acids did not correlate with concomitant changes in GFR. CONCLUSIONS - in overt nephropathy of type 2 diabetes, lispro prevents glomerular hyperfiltration and offsets the renal effects of meal or meal-associated hyperglycemia by mechanisms possibly related to IGF-1 antagonism.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
insulin analog lispro, glomerular hyperfiltration, tyoe 2 diabetes, macroalbuminuria;
English
502
509
8
Ruggenenti, P., Flores, C., Aros, C., Ene-Iordache, B., Trevisan, R., Ottomano, C., et al. (2003). Ronal and metabolic effects of insulin lispro in type 2 diabetic sublects with overt nephropathy. DIABETES CARE, 26(2), 502-509 [10.2337/diacare.26.2.502].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/368278
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