The absence of magic numbers in bosonic4He clusters predicted by all theories since 1984 has been challenged by high-resolution matter-wave diffraction experiments. The observed magic numbers were explained in terms of enhanced growth rates of specific cluster sizes for which an additional excitation level calculated by diffusion Monte Carlo is stabilized. The present theoretical study provides an alternative explanation based on a simple independent particle model of the He clusters. Collisions between cluster atoms in excited states within the cluster lead to selective evaporation via an Auger process. The calculated magic numbers as well as the shape of the number distributions are in quite reasonable agreement with the experiments.

Spreafico, E., Benedek, G., Kornilov, O., & Toennies, J. (2021). Magic numbers in boson4 he clusters: The auger evaporation mechanism. MOLECULES, 26(20) [10.3390/molecules26206244].

Magic numbers in boson4 he clusters: The auger evaporation mechanism

Benedek G.
;
2021

Abstract

The absence of magic numbers in bosonic4He clusters predicted by all theories since 1984 has been challenged by high-resolution matter-wave diffraction experiments. The observed magic numbers were explained in terms of enhanced growth rates of specific cluster sizes for which an additional excitation level calculated by diffusion Monte Carlo is stabilized. The present theoretical study provides an alternative explanation based on a simple independent particle model of the He clusters. Collisions between cluster atoms in excited states within the cluster lead to selective evaporation via an Auger process. The calculated magic numbers as well as the shape of the number distributions are in quite reasonable agreement with the experiments.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Auger evaporation; Cluster supersonic jets; Helium clusters; Magic numbers; Van der Waals bonds;
English
Spreafico, E., Benedek, G., Kornilov, O., & Toennies, J. (2021). Magic numbers in boson4 he clusters: The auger evaporation mechanism. MOLECULES, 26(20) [10.3390/molecules26206244].
Spreafico, E; Benedek, G; Kornilov, O; Toennies, J
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/367424
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