Proteins hosting main β-sheets adopt specific strategies to avoid intermolecular interactions leading to aggregation and amyloid deposition. Human beta-2 microglobulin (β2m) displays a typical immunoglobulin fold and is known to be amyloidogenic in vivo. Upon severe kidney deficiency, β2m accumulates in the bloodstream, triggering, over the years, pathological deposition of large amyloid aggregates in joints and bones. A β-bulge observed on the edge D β-strand of some β2m crystal structures has been suggested to be crucial in protecting the protein from amyloid aggregation. Conversely, a straight D-strand, observed in different crystal structures of monomeric β2m, could promote amyloid aggregation. More recently, the different conformations observed for the β2m D-strand have been interpreted as the result of intrinsic flexibility, rather than being assigned to a functional protective role against aggregation. To shed light on such contrasting picture, the mutation Asp53→Pro was engineered in β2m, aiming to impair the formation of a regular/straight D-strand. Such a mutant was characterized structurally and biophysically by CD, X-ray crystallography and MS, in addition to an assessment of its amyloid aggregation trends in vitro. The results reported in the present study highlight the conformational plasticity of the edge D-strand, and show that even perturbing the D-strand structure through a Pro residue has only marginal effects on protecting β2m from amyloid aggregation in vitro. Database -Atomic coordinates and structure factors have been deposited in the Protein Data Bank under the accession number. Structured digital abstract to by to by (View Interaction,) to by Beta-2 microglobulin (β2m) is a human amyloidogenic protein. A β-bulge at residue Asp53 within the D β-strand was suggested to be protective against aggregation. We designed the Asp53Pro β2m mutant that hosts a constitutively irregular D-strand, whose conformation is shown to depend on the environment. We propose that regularization of the D-strand is not a requirement for β2m amyloid aggregation.

Azinas, S., Colombo, M., Barbiroli, A., Santambrogio, C., Giorgetti, S., Raimondi, S., et al. (2011). D-strand perturbation and amyloid propensity in Beta-2 microglobulin. THE FEBS JOURNAL, 278(13), 2349-2358 [10.1111/j.1742-4658.2011.08157.x].

D-strand perturbation and amyloid propensity in Beta-2 microglobulin

SANTAMBROGIO, CARLO;GRANDORI, RITA;
2011

Abstract

Proteins hosting main β-sheets adopt specific strategies to avoid intermolecular interactions leading to aggregation and amyloid deposition. Human beta-2 microglobulin (β2m) displays a typical immunoglobulin fold and is known to be amyloidogenic in vivo. Upon severe kidney deficiency, β2m accumulates in the bloodstream, triggering, over the years, pathological deposition of large amyloid aggregates in joints and bones. A β-bulge observed on the edge D β-strand of some β2m crystal structures has been suggested to be crucial in protecting the protein from amyloid aggregation. Conversely, a straight D-strand, observed in different crystal structures of monomeric β2m, could promote amyloid aggregation. More recently, the different conformations observed for the β2m D-strand have been interpreted as the result of intrinsic flexibility, rather than being assigned to a functional protective role against aggregation. To shed light on such contrasting picture, the mutation Asp53→Pro was engineered in β2m, aiming to impair the formation of a regular/straight D-strand. Such a mutant was characterized structurally and biophysically by CD, X-ray crystallography and MS, in addition to an assessment of its amyloid aggregation trends in vitro. The results reported in the present study highlight the conformational plasticity of the edge D-strand, and show that even perturbing the D-strand structure through a Pro residue has only marginal effects on protecting β2m from amyloid aggregation in vitro. Database -Atomic coordinates and structure factors have been deposited in the Protein Data Bank under the accession number. Structured digital abstract to by to by (View Interaction,) to by Beta-2 microglobulin (β2m) is a human amyloidogenic protein. A β-bulge at residue Asp53 within the D β-strand was suggested to be protective against aggregation. We designed the Asp53Pro β2m mutant that hosts a constitutively irregular D-strand, whose conformation is shown to depend on the environment. We propose that regularization of the D-strand is not a requirement for β2m amyloid aggregation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Amyloidosis; beta-2 microglobulin; beta-buldge; dialysis related amyloidosis; MHC I; proline
English
2349
2358
10
Azinas, S., Colombo, M., Barbiroli, A., Santambrogio, C., Giorgetti, S., Raimondi, S., et al. (2011). D-strand perturbation and amyloid propensity in Beta-2 microglobulin. THE FEBS JOURNAL, 278(13), 2349-2358 [10.1111/j.1742-4658.2011.08157.x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/36702
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