A study of the renal receptors and types of stimuli which give origin to supraspinal and spinal-mediated autonomic reflexes is presented. Multiunit and single unit recordings from the afferent renal nerves of male Sprague-Dawley rats have revealed two groups of renal chemosensitive receptors (chemoreceptors). These we have called renal R1 and R2 "chemoceptive" receptors. R1 receptors do not have a resting discharge but are activated after 38.7 +/- 3.3 (S.E) sec (n = 40) of complete renal ischemia (occlusion of the renal artery). Other activating stimuli are associated with a marked impairment in renal blood flow (prolonged occlusion of the renal vein and the hypotension of systemic asphyxia or hemorrhage). Their discharge is characterized by trains of impulses which cease abruptly upon re-entry of blood into the kidney. They are not responsive to increases or decreases in renal perfusion pressure or to increases in renal venous or ureteral pressure. In contrast, R2 receptors have a resting discharge and respond vigorously to backflow of normal urine (nondiuretic) into the renal pelvis. The results of the backflow into the pelvis of different test solutions (diuretic and nondiuretic urine, 1 M urea, 1 M mannitol and solutions of NaCl and KCl) indicate that this response is dependent upon the composition of the fluid bathing the renal pelvis rather than the increase in pelvic pressure or pelvic distension. The resting discharge rate is highest in nondiuretic conditions and declines substantially after diuresis is induced by extracellular volume expansion. R2 receptors are also activated by renal ischemia produced by clamping the renal artery. It is concluded that these two groups of afferent sensory units are renal chemosensitive receptors, (chemoreceptors) which respond to the chemical environment of renal interstitium.
Recordati, G., Moss, N., Genovesi, S.C., & Rogenes, P. (1981). Renal chemoreceptors. JOURNAL OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM, 3(2-4), 237-251.
|Citazione:||Recordati, G., Moss, N., Genovesi, S.C., & Rogenes, P. (1981). Renal chemoreceptors. JOURNAL OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM, 3(2-4), 237-251.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Autori:||Recordati, G; Moss, N; Genovesi, SC; Rogenes, P|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1981|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|