Background: Liver bleeding secondary to haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome is uncommon, but a life-threatening peripartum condition that needs a prompt multidisciplinary approach. Case Presentation: In this study, we presented a case of 28-year-old pregnant woman, who was presented to the obstetrics department with signs of preeclampsia and foetal growth restriction. An emergency caesarean section was performed, and the patient developed a HELLP syndrome complicated by spontaneous liver rupture. After radiological and surgical procedures, liver failure became evident and liver transplantation was successfully performed. The patient and her daughter are now alive. Conclusions: Despite the rarity of this disease, liver complications due to HELLP syndrome must be properly diagnosed and treated given the gravity of the possible evolution in young women. After diagnosis, the patients must be treated in specialised centres with gynaecological, liver surgery, and transplant skills.

Messina, V., Dondossola, D., Paleari, M., Fornoni, G., Tubiolo, D., Vergani, P., et al. (2021). Liver Bleeding Due to HELLP Syndrome Treated With Embolization and Liver Transplantation: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. FRONTIERS IN SURGERY, 8 [10.3389/fsurg.2021.774702].

Liver Bleeding Due to HELLP Syndrome Treated With Embolization and Liver Transplantation: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Vergani P.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Liver bleeding secondary to haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome is uncommon, but a life-threatening peripartum condition that needs a prompt multidisciplinary approach. Case Presentation: In this study, we presented a case of 28-year-old pregnant woman, who was presented to the obstetrics department with signs of preeclampsia and foetal growth restriction. An emergency caesarean section was performed, and the patient developed a HELLP syndrome complicated by spontaneous liver rupture. After radiological and surgical procedures, liver failure became evident and liver transplantation was successfully performed. The patient and her daughter are now alive. Conclusions: Despite the rarity of this disease, liver complications due to HELLP syndrome must be properly diagnosed and treated given the gravity of the possible evolution in young women. After diagnosis, the patients must be treated in specialised centres with gynaecological, liver surgery, and transplant skills.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
damage control surgery; HELLP syndrome; liver embolization; liver transplantation; rare disease;
English
Messina, V., Dondossola, D., Paleari, M., Fornoni, G., Tubiolo, D., Vergani, P., et al. (2021). Liver Bleeding Due to HELLP Syndrome Treated With Embolization and Liver Transplantation: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. FRONTIERS IN SURGERY, 8 [10.3389/fsurg.2021.774702].
Messina, V; Dondossola, D; Paleari, M; Fornoni, G; Tubiolo, D; Vergani, P; Rona, R; Rossi, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/363781
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