Aerosols play a crucial role in climate through different feedback mechanisms, affecting radiation, clouds, and air column stability. This study focuses on the altitude dependence of the cloud-mediated indirect effects of aerosols in the Great Alpine Region (GAR), an area characterized by high pollution levels from anthropic activities in the Po Valley and a complex orography with some of the highest mountains in Europe. Using a regional atmospheric model, 5-year-long convective-permitting sensitivity experiments have been run with different surface aerosol fluxes. The results show that seasonal mean cloud cover, temperature, and precipitations are affected by the aerosol concentrations in the air column and that the response to pollution is both elevation- and season-dependent. The overall cloud cover increase with aerosol levels leads to either surface cooling or warming depending on the surface albedo (snow covered or not). Furthermore, different types of clouds have a different response: while the lifetime of low-pressure-system clouds and orographic clouds is generally increased at high levels of aerosols, convective clouds (typical of the summer season) can decrease at high levels of pollution due to the reduction in strong updrafts associated with an increased air column stability.

Napoli, A., Desbiolles, F., Parodi, A., Pasquero, C. (2022). Aerosol indirect effects in complex-orography areas: a numerical study over the Great Alpine Region. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 22(6), 3901-3909 [10.5194/acp-22-3901-2022].

Aerosol indirect effects in complex-orography areas: a numerical study over the Great Alpine Region

Desbiolles, Fabien
Secondo
;
Pasquero, Claudia
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Aerosols play a crucial role in climate through different feedback mechanisms, affecting radiation, clouds, and air column stability. This study focuses on the altitude dependence of the cloud-mediated indirect effects of aerosols in the Great Alpine Region (GAR), an area characterized by high pollution levels from anthropic activities in the Po Valley and a complex orography with some of the highest mountains in Europe. Using a regional atmospheric model, 5-year-long convective-permitting sensitivity experiments have been run with different surface aerosol fluxes. The results show that seasonal mean cloud cover, temperature, and precipitations are affected by the aerosol concentrations in the air column and that the response to pollution is both elevation- and season-dependent. The overall cloud cover increase with aerosol levels leads to either surface cooling or warming depending on the surface albedo (snow covered or not). Furthermore, different types of clouds have a different response: while the lifetime of low-pressure-system clouds and orographic clouds is generally increased at high levels of aerosols, convective clouds (typical of the summer season) can decrease at high levels of pollution due to the reduction in strong updrafts associated with an increased air column stability.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Aerosol; Precipitation; Indirect effect; Pollution;
English
3901
3909
9
Napoli, A., Desbiolles, F., Parodi, A., Pasquero, C. (2022). Aerosol indirect effects in complex-orography areas: a numerical study over the Great Alpine Region. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 22(6), 3901-3909 [10.5194/acp-22-3901-2022].
Napoli, A; Desbiolles, F; Parodi, A; Pasquero, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/363540
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