Introduction: Cervicomedullary gliomas (CMGs) are usually low-grade tumors often found in the pediatric age. Histological findings, treatments, and classification have been much the same for 40 years, although histological and molecular classifications have largely been developed for other pediatric CNS tumors. The management and treatment of pediatric CMG are still conducted by many authors according to their anatomical location and characteristics, independently from histology. Methods: We conducted a literature review in PubMed (Medline) to identify relevant contributions about pediatric CMG published until December 31, 2021. We also analyzed a series of 10 patients with CMG treated from 2006 to 2021 at IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori. The aim of the present review was to see whether and how the diagnosis, treatment, and classification of CMGs in children have developed over time, especially in the context of molecular advancements, and to analyze our single-center experience in the last 15 years. Results: Thirty articles have been included in the review. Articles have been divided into two historical periods (1981-2000 and 2001-2021) and data from different series were analyzed to see how much the management and treatment of pediatric CMG have changed during years. Analysis of our series of 10 patients affected by CMG was also performed to compare it with the literature. Discussion: Management and classification of CMG in children have not dramatically changed during years. However, new insight from molecular diagnostics and target therapies and the development of radiological, neurophysiological, and radiotherapy techniques have updated treatment modalities in the last 20 years. Treatment modalities and their innovations have been reviewed and discussed. Further studies are needed to standardize and customize treatment protocols for these tumors.

Trezza, A., de Laurentis, C., Biassoni, V., Carrabba, G., Schiavello, E., Canonico, F., et al. (2022). Cervicomedullary gliomas in pediatric age: a review of the literature and tertiary care center experience. PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY, 57(3), 149-160 [10.1159/000524165].

Cervicomedullary gliomas in pediatric age: a review of the literature and tertiary care center experience

de Laurentis, C;Carrabba, GG;Giussani, C
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Cervicomedullary gliomas (CMGs) are usually low-grade tumors often found in the pediatric age. Histological findings, treatments, and classification have been much the same for 40 years, although histological and molecular classifications have largely been developed for other pediatric CNS tumors. The management and treatment of pediatric CMG are still conducted by many authors according to their anatomical location and characteristics, independently from histology. Methods: We conducted a literature review in PubMed (Medline) to identify relevant contributions about pediatric CMG published until December 31, 2021. We also analyzed a series of 10 patients with CMG treated from 2006 to 2021 at IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori. The aim of the present review was to see whether and how the diagnosis, treatment, and classification of CMGs in children have developed over time, especially in the context of molecular advancements, and to analyze our single-center experience in the last 15 years. Results: Thirty articles have been included in the review. Articles have been divided into two historical periods (1981-2000 and 2001-2021) and data from different series were analyzed to see how much the management and treatment of pediatric CMG have changed during years. Analysis of our series of 10 patients affected by CMG was also performed to compare it with the literature. Discussion: Management and classification of CMG in children have not dramatically changed during years. However, new insight from molecular diagnostics and target therapies and the development of radiological, neurophysiological, and radiotherapy techniques have updated treatment modalities in the last 20 years. Treatment modalities and their innovations have been reviewed and discussed. Further studies are needed to standardize and customize treatment protocols for these tumors.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cervicomedullary gliomas; Cervicomedullary tumors; Pediatric brain tumors;
English
149
160
12
Trezza, A., de Laurentis, C., Biassoni, V., Carrabba, G., Schiavello, E., Canonico, F., et al. (2022). Cervicomedullary gliomas in pediatric age: a review of the literature and tertiary care center experience. PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY, 57(3), 149-160 [10.1159/000524165].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/363438
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