The production of molecular hydrogen by catalyzing water splitting is central to achieving the decarbonization of sustainable fuels and chemical transformations. In this work, a series of structure-making/breaking cations in the electrolyte were investigated as spectator cations in hydrogen evolution and oxidation reactions (HER/HOR) in the pH range of 1 to 14, whose kinetics was found to be altered by up to 2 orders of magnitude by these cations. The exchange current density of HER/HOR was shown to increase with greater structure-making tendency of cations in the order of Cs+ < Rb+ < K+ < Na+ < Li+, which was accompanied by decreasing reorganization energy from the Marcus–Hush–Chidsey formalism and increasing reaction entropy. Invoking the Born model of reorganization energy and reaction entropy, the static dielectric constant of the electrolyte at the electrified interface was found to be significantly lower than that of bulk, decreasing with the structure-making tendency of cations at the negatively charged Pt surface. The physical origin of cation-dependent HER/HOR kinetics can be rationalized by an increase in concentration of cations on the negatively charged Pt surface, altering the interfacial water structure and the H-bonding network, which is supported by classical molecular dynamics simulation and surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy. This work highlights immense opportunities to control the reaction rates by tuning interfacial structures of cation and solvents.

Huang, B., Rao, R., You, S., Hpone Myint, K., Song, Y., Wang, Y., et al. (2021). Cation- and pH-Dependent Hydrogen Evolution and Oxidation Reaction Kinetics. JACS AU, 1(10), 1674-1687 [10.1021/jacsau.1c00281].

Cation- and pH-Dependent Hydrogen Evolution and Oxidation Reaction Kinetics

Giordano, Livia;
2021

Abstract

The production of molecular hydrogen by catalyzing water splitting is central to achieving the decarbonization of sustainable fuels and chemical transformations. In this work, a series of structure-making/breaking cations in the electrolyte were investigated as spectator cations in hydrogen evolution and oxidation reactions (HER/HOR) in the pH range of 1 to 14, whose kinetics was found to be altered by up to 2 orders of magnitude by these cations. The exchange current density of HER/HOR was shown to increase with greater structure-making tendency of cations in the order of Cs+ < Rb+ < K+ < Na+ < Li+, which was accompanied by decreasing reorganization energy from the Marcus–Hush–Chidsey formalism and increasing reaction entropy. Invoking the Born model of reorganization energy and reaction entropy, the static dielectric constant of the electrolyte at the electrified interface was found to be significantly lower than that of bulk, decreasing with the structure-making tendency of cations at the negatively charged Pt surface. The physical origin of cation-dependent HER/HOR kinetics can be rationalized by an increase in concentration of cations on the negatively charged Pt surface, altering the interfacial water structure and the H-bonding network, which is supported by classical molecular dynamics simulation and surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy. This work highlights immense opportunities to control the reaction rates by tuning interfacial structures of cation and solvents.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
hydrogen evolution/oxidation reaction; reorganization energy; reaction entropy; interfacial static dielectric constant; interfacial water; Marcus−Hush−Chidsey formalism; structure-making/breaking ion; Born model;
English
1674
1687
14
Huang, B., Rao, R., You, S., Hpone Myint, K., Song, Y., Wang, Y., et al. (2021). Cation- and pH-Dependent Hydrogen Evolution and Oxidation Reaction Kinetics. JACS AU, 1(10), 1674-1687 [10.1021/jacsau.1c00281].
Huang, B; Rao, R; You, S; Hpone Myint, K; Song, Y; Wang, Y; Ding, W; Giordano, L; Zhang, Y; Wang, T; Muy, S; Katayama, Y; Grossman, J; Willard, A; Xu, K; Jiang, Y; Shao-Horn, Y
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/363349
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