Observations of z ≳ 6 quasars provide information on the early phases of the most massive black holes (MBHs) and galaxies. Current observations at sub-mm wavelengths trace cold and warm gases, and future observations will extend information to other gas phases and the stellar properties. The goal of this study is to examine the gas life cycle in a z ≳ 6 quasar: From accretion from the halo to the galaxy and all the way into the MBH, to how star formation and the MBH itself affect the gas properties. Using a very high resolution cosmological zoom-in simulation of a z = 7 quasar, including state-of-the-art non-equilibrium chemistry, MBH formation, growth, and feedback, we investigate the distribution of the different gas phases in the interstellar medium across cosmic time. We assess the morphological evolution of the quasar host using different tracers (star- or gas-based) and the thermodynamic distribution of the MBH accretion-driven outflows, finding that obscuration in the disc is mainly due to molecular gas, with the atomic component contributing at larger scales and/or above/below the disc plane. Moreover, our results also show that molecular outflows, if present, are more likely the result of gas being lifted near the MBH than production within the wind because of thermal instabilities. Finally, we also discuss how different gas phases can be employed to dynamically constrain the MBH mass, and argue that resolutions below ∼100 pc yield unreliable estimates because of the strong contribution of the nuclear stellar component to the potential at larger scales.

Lupi, A., Volonteri, M., Decarli, R., Bovino, S., Silk, J. (2022). High-redshift quasars and their host galaxies - II. Multiphase gas and stellar kinematics. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 510(4), 5760-5779 [10.1093/mnras/stac014].

High-redshift quasars and their host galaxies - II. Multiphase gas and stellar kinematics

Lupi A.
Primo
;
2022

Abstract

Observations of z ≳ 6 quasars provide information on the early phases of the most massive black holes (MBHs) and galaxies. Current observations at sub-mm wavelengths trace cold and warm gases, and future observations will extend information to other gas phases and the stellar properties. The goal of this study is to examine the gas life cycle in a z ≳ 6 quasar: From accretion from the halo to the galaxy and all the way into the MBH, to how star formation and the MBH itself affect the gas properties. Using a very high resolution cosmological zoom-in simulation of a z = 7 quasar, including state-of-the-art non-equilibrium chemistry, MBH formation, growth, and feedback, we investigate the distribution of the different gas phases in the interstellar medium across cosmic time. We assess the morphological evolution of the quasar host using different tracers (star- or gas-based) and the thermodynamic distribution of the MBH accretion-driven outflows, finding that obscuration in the disc is mainly due to molecular gas, with the atomic component contributing at larger scales and/or above/below the disc plane. Moreover, our results also show that molecular outflows, if present, are more likely the result of gas being lifted near the MBH than production within the wind because of thermal instabilities. Finally, we also discuss how different gas phases can be employed to dynamically constrain the MBH mass, and argue that resolutions below ∼100 pc yield unreliable estimates because of the strong contribution of the nuclear stellar component to the potential at larger scales.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Galaxies: Evolution; Galaxies: Formation; Galaxies: ISM; Quasars: Supermassive black holes;
English
5760
5779
20
Lupi, A., Volonteri, M., Decarli, R., Bovino, S., Silk, J. (2022). High-redshift quasars and their host galaxies - II. Multiphase gas and stellar kinematics. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 510(4), 5760-5779 [10.1093/mnras/stac014].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/362498
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