Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased online counselling interventions, including those aimed at university students. The principal aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the online counselling intervention during the COVID-19 pandemic, also with regards to the effectiveness of the face-to-face intervention. Methods: 34 students (Mean age = 23.74; Female = 27) who requested online university counselling during COVID-19 have been compared with 81 (Mean age = 22.8; Female = 60) students who requested university face-to-face counselling before the pandemic. The psychopathological problems were assessed with the Symptom Checklist 90 Revised, attachment styles with the Attachment Style Questionnaire, adverse childhood experiences with Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire, and life satisfaction with the Life Satisfaction Scale. Results: At the pre-intervention phase, psychological distress was similar in both groups with no differences in the General Severity Index of the SCL-90 R, and there were no significant differences for secure/insecure attachment, adverse childhood experiences, and life satisfaction. The online counselling intervention during the pandemic was effective in reducing psychological distress scales as depression (p =.008), obsessive–compulsive (p =.008), interpersonal sensitivity (p =.005), and anxiety (p =.011), and in the total scale of the SCL-90 R (p =.017). The face-to-face counselling intervention was effective in reducing psychological distress in all subscales and in the total scale of the SCL-90 R (p =.000) and in increasing the level of life satisfaction (p =.023). Attachment style did not moderate the effectiveness of the online and face-to-face interventions. Conclusions: Students seeking counselling, both before and during the pandemic, show similar levels of psychological distress. The online counselling intervention was almost as effective as face-to-face counselling intervention with respect to psychological distress; it was not effective in increasing life satisfaction.

Ierardi, E., Bottini, M., Riva Crugnola, C. (2022). Effectiveness of an online versus face-to-face psychodynamic counselling intervention for university students before and during the COVID-19 period. BMC PSYCHOLOGY, 10(1) [10.1186/s40359-022-00742-7].

Effectiveness of an online versus face-to-face psychodynamic counselling intervention for university students before and during the COVID-19 period

Ierardi E.
;
Bottini M.;Riva Crugnola C.
2022

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased online counselling interventions, including those aimed at university students. The principal aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the online counselling intervention during the COVID-19 pandemic, also with regards to the effectiveness of the face-to-face intervention. Methods: 34 students (Mean age = 23.74; Female = 27) who requested online university counselling during COVID-19 have been compared with 81 (Mean age = 22.8; Female = 60) students who requested university face-to-face counselling before the pandemic. The psychopathological problems were assessed with the Symptom Checklist 90 Revised, attachment styles with the Attachment Style Questionnaire, adverse childhood experiences with Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire, and life satisfaction with the Life Satisfaction Scale. Results: At the pre-intervention phase, psychological distress was similar in both groups with no differences in the General Severity Index of the SCL-90 R, and there were no significant differences for secure/insecure attachment, adverse childhood experiences, and life satisfaction. The online counselling intervention during the pandemic was effective in reducing psychological distress scales as depression (p =.008), obsessive–compulsive (p =.008), interpersonal sensitivity (p =.005), and anxiety (p =.011), and in the total scale of the SCL-90 R (p =.017). The face-to-face counselling intervention was effective in reducing psychological distress in all subscales and in the total scale of the SCL-90 R (p =.000) and in increasing the level of life satisfaction (p =.023). Attachment style did not moderate the effectiveness of the online and face-to-face interventions. Conclusions: Students seeking counselling, both before and during the pandemic, show similar levels of psychological distress. The online counselling intervention was almost as effective as face-to-face counselling intervention with respect to psychological distress; it was not effective in increasing life satisfaction.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Attachment styles; Life satisfaction; Online university counselling intervention; Psychodynamic university counselling; Psychopathological problems;
English
Ierardi, E., Bottini, M., Riva Crugnola, C. (2022). Effectiveness of an online versus face-to-face psychodynamic counselling intervention for university students before and during the COVID-19 period. BMC PSYCHOLOGY, 10(1) [10.1186/s40359-022-00742-7].
Ierardi, E; Bottini, M; Riva Crugnola, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/360662
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