Do novel linguistic labels have privileged access to attentional resources compared to non-linguistic labels? This study explores this possibility through two experiments with a training and an attentional overlap task. Experiment 1 investigates how novel label and object-only stimuli influence resource allocation and disengagement of visual attention. Experiment 2 tests the impact of linguistic information on visual attention by comparing novel tones and labels. Because disengagement of attention is affected both by the salience of the perceptual stimulus and by the degree of familiarity with the stimulus to be disengaged from, we compared pupil size variations and saccade latency under different test conditions: (a) consistent with (i.e., identical to) the training; (b) inconsistent with the training (i.e., with an altered feature), and (c) deprived of one feature only in Experiment 1. Experiment 1 indicated a general consistency advantage (and deprived disadvantage) driven by linguistic label-object pairs compared to object-only stimuli. Experiment 2 revealed that tone-object pairs led to higher pupil dilation and longer saccade latency than linguistic label-object pairs. Our results suggest that novel linguistic labels preferentially impact the early orienting of attention.

Calignano, G., Valenza, E., Vespignani, F., Russo, S., Sulpizio, S. (2021). The unique role of novel linguistic labels on the disengagement of visual attention. THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 74(10), 1755-1772 [10.1177/17470218211014147].

The unique role of novel linguistic labels on the disengagement of visual attention

Sulpizio S.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Do novel linguistic labels have privileged access to attentional resources compared to non-linguistic labels? This study explores this possibility through two experiments with a training and an attentional overlap task. Experiment 1 investigates how novel label and object-only stimuli influence resource allocation and disengagement of visual attention. Experiment 2 tests the impact of linguistic information on visual attention by comparing novel tones and labels. Because disengagement of attention is affected both by the salience of the perceptual stimulus and by the degree of familiarity with the stimulus to be disengaged from, we compared pupil size variations and saccade latency under different test conditions: (a) consistent with (i.e., identical to) the training; (b) inconsistent with the training (i.e., with an altered feature), and (c) deprived of one feature only in Experiment 1. Experiment 1 indicated a general consistency advantage (and deprived disadvantage) driven by linguistic label-object pairs compared to object-only stimuli. Experiment 2 revealed that tone-object pairs led to higher pupil dilation and longer saccade latency than linguistic label-object pairs. Our results suggest that novel linguistic labels preferentially impact the early orienting of attention.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Attentional disengagement; novel label; novel object; pupil dilation; saccade latency;
English
1755
1772
18
Calignano, G., Valenza, E., Vespignani, F., Russo, S., Sulpizio, S. (2021). The unique role of novel linguistic labels on the disengagement of visual attention. THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 74(10), 1755-1772 [10.1177/17470218211014147].
Calignano, G; Valenza, E; Vespignani, F; Russo, S; Sulpizio, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/359516
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