The present study investigated the role of cognitive control on semantic information during visual word recognition by exploiting taboo stimuli in a lexical-decision task. We relied on delta plots and electromyography (EMG) to assess different hypothetical mechanisms of cognitive control. Previous research suggests that taboo stimuli slow down the performance across a variety of tasks due to their attention-grabbing nature. One possibility is that cognitive control counteracts the detrimental effects of taboo connotation by actively dampening such prepotent yet task-irrelevant information. Consistent with this hypothesis, we found a reversal of taboo interference effect in slowest responses, signaling the deployment of a selective suppression mechanism that needs time to fully accrue. For electromyographic data, we focused on partial errors (trials showing a subthreshold activation of the incorrect response hand) to index response-monitoring processes intervening to prevent and correct errors. We found no modulation of the likelihood of partial errors and, more generally, of response accuracy as a function of taboo connotation. Taken together, the results suggest that cognitive control may intervene to selectively suppress fast-acting and distracting taboo information, indicating a controlled semantic processing that optimizes activation to match task-relevant goals. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) Public Significance Statement: This study highlights the flexibility of conceptual processing during visual word recognition by providing evidence of control mechanisms that operate at the semantic level in order to meet task-relevant goals and optimize performance. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Scaltritti, M., Job, R., Sulpizio, S. (2021). Selective suppression of taboo information in visual word recognition: Evidence for cognitive control on semantics. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 47(7), 934-945 [10.1037/xhp0000917].

Selective suppression of taboo information in visual word recognition: Evidence for cognitive control on semantics

Sulpizio S.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The present study investigated the role of cognitive control on semantic information during visual word recognition by exploiting taboo stimuli in a lexical-decision task. We relied on delta plots and electromyography (EMG) to assess different hypothetical mechanisms of cognitive control. Previous research suggests that taboo stimuli slow down the performance across a variety of tasks due to their attention-grabbing nature. One possibility is that cognitive control counteracts the detrimental effects of taboo connotation by actively dampening such prepotent yet task-irrelevant information. Consistent with this hypothesis, we found a reversal of taboo interference effect in slowest responses, signaling the deployment of a selective suppression mechanism that needs time to fully accrue. For electromyographic data, we focused on partial errors (trials showing a subthreshold activation of the incorrect response hand) to index response-monitoring processes intervening to prevent and correct errors. We found no modulation of the likelihood of partial errors and, more generally, of response accuracy as a function of taboo connotation. Taken together, the results suggest that cognitive control may intervene to selectively suppress fast-acting and distracting taboo information, indicating a controlled semantic processing that optimizes activation to match task-relevant goals. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) Public Significance Statement: This study highlights the flexibility of conceptual processing during visual word recognition by providing evidence of control mechanisms that operate at the semantic level in order to meet task-relevant goals and optimize performance. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
cognitive control; lexical decision; semantics; taboo words; visual word recognition; Attention; Cognition; Humans; Reaction Time; Semantics; Taboo
English
934
945
12
Scaltritti, M., Job, R., Sulpizio, S. (2021). Selective suppression of taboo information in visual word recognition: Evidence for cognitive control on semantics. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 47(7), 934-945 [10.1037/xhp0000917].
Scaltritti, M; Job, R; Sulpizio, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/359500
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