The current field study aims to assess the suitability of four different plant species (i.e. poplar, willow, hemp and alfalfa) to be used for trace element (TE) (i.e. Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) phytoextraction under hot-arid Mediterranean climate conditions. Plants were grown for two consecutive years on a moderate TE contaminated soil, supplied with water and mineral nutrients. The growth and physiological parameters were assessed throughout the trial to compare the response of plants to the environmental pollution, and TE uptake rates were measured for aboveground plant tissues. The phytoextraction rate for each species was expressed as a function of aboveground biomass yield and the TE uptake and translocation within the plant. Alfalfa played a significant role in reducing extractable Ni (60.6%) and Zn (46%) in the soil, whereas hemp reduced 32% of extractable Cd and 46% of extractable Pb; poplar decreased extractable Cd (37%), Ni (49%), Pb (46%) and Zn (63%); and willow reduced the extractable Zn (73%) compared to the beginning of the trial. No change in total TE content was observed; however, poplar and willow were able to extract and accumulate the highest amount of Zn (3200 and 5200 g ha−1 year−1 respectively) and Cu (182 and 116 g ha−1 year−1), whereas hemp, with 36 g ha−1 year−1, showed the best phytoextraction potential for Pb. Overall, we found a positive correlation between the phytoextraction rate and biomass yield, extractable TE concentration and translocation factor (TF) and a negative relationship with Ca concentration in the soil.

GUIDI NISSIM, W., Palm, E., Mancuso, S., Azzarello, E. (2018). Trace element phytoextraction from contaminated soil: a case study under Mediterranean climate. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 25(9), 9114-9131 [10.1007/s11356-018-1197-x].

Trace element phytoextraction from contaminated soil: a case study under Mediterranean climate

Werther Guidi Nissim
;
2018

Abstract

The current field study aims to assess the suitability of four different plant species (i.e. poplar, willow, hemp and alfalfa) to be used for trace element (TE) (i.e. Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) phytoextraction under hot-arid Mediterranean climate conditions. Plants were grown for two consecutive years on a moderate TE contaminated soil, supplied with water and mineral nutrients. The growth and physiological parameters were assessed throughout the trial to compare the response of plants to the environmental pollution, and TE uptake rates were measured for aboveground plant tissues. The phytoextraction rate for each species was expressed as a function of aboveground biomass yield and the TE uptake and translocation within the plant. Alfalfa played a significant role in reducing extractable Ni (60.6%) and Zn (46%) in the soil, whereas hemp reduced 32% of extractable Cd and 46% of extractable Pb; poplar decreased extractable Cd (37%), Ni (49%), Pb (46%) and Zn (63%); and willow reduced the extractable Zn (73%) compared to the beginning of the trial. No change in total TE content was observed; however, poplar and willow were able to extract and accumulate the highest amount of Zn (3200 and 5200 g ha−1 year−1 respectively) and Cu (182 and 116 g ha−1 year−1), whereas hemp, with 36 g ha−1 year−1, showed the best phytoextraction potential for Pb. Overall, we found a positive correlation between the phytoextraction rate and biomass yield, extractable TE concentration and translocation factor (TF) and a negative relationship with Ca concentration in the soil.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Brownfield; Heavy metal; Phytomanagement; Phytoremediation; Populus; Salix;
English
9114
9131
18
GUIDI NISSIM, W., Palm, E., Mancuso, S., Azzarello, E. (2018). Trace element phytoextraction from contaminated soil: a case study under Mediterranean climate. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, 25(9), 9114-9131 [10.1007/s11356-018-1197-x].
GUIDI NISSIM, W; Palm, E; Mancuso, S; Azzarello, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/358916
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