BACKGROUND: When helmet CPAP is performed using a Venturi system, filters are frequently interposed in the respiratory circuit to reduce noise within the helmet. The effect of the interposition of these filters on delivered fresh gas flow and the resulting FIO2 is currently unknown. METHODS: In a bench study, 2 different Venturi systems (WhisperFlow and Harol) were used to generate 3 different gas flow/FIO2 combinations (80 L/min-FIO2 0.6, 100 L/min-FIO2 0.5, 120 L/min-FIO2 0.4). Different combinations of filters were applied at the flow generator input line and/or at the helmet inlet port. Two types of filters were used for this purpose: a heat and moisture exchanger filter and an electrostatic filter. The setup without filters was used as baseline. Gas flow and FIO2 were measured for each setup. RESULTS: Compared to baseline, the interposition of filters reduced the gas flow between 1–13% (P < .001). The application of a filter at the Venturi system or at the helmet generated a comparable flow reduction (-3 ± 2% vs-4 ± 2%, P = .12), whereas a greater flow reduction (-7 ± 4%) was observed when filters were applied at both sites (P < .001). An increase in FIO2 up to 5% was observed with filters applied. A strong inverse linear relationship (P < .001) was observed between the resulting gas flow and FIO2. CONCLUSIONS: The use of filters during helmet CPAP reduced the flow delivered to the helmet and, consequently, modified FIO2. If filters are applied, an adequate gas flow should be administered to guarantee a constant CPAP during the entire respiratory cycle and avoid rebreathing. Moreover, it might be important to measure the effective FIO2 delivered to the patient to guarantee a precise assessment of oxygenation.

Privitera, D., Capsoni, N., Zadek, F., Vailati, P., Airoldi, C., Cozzi, M., et al. (2022). The Effect of Filters on CPAP Delivery by Helmet. RESPIRATORY CARE, 67(8), 995-1001 [10.4187/respcare.09822].

The Effect of Filters on CPAP Delivery by Helmet

Capsoni, Nicolò;Zadek, Francesco;Fumagalli, Roberto;Langer, Thomas
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND: When helmet CPAP is performed using a Venturi system, filters are frequently interposed in the respiratory circuit to reduce noise within the helmet. The effect of the interposition of these filters on delivered fresh gas flow and the resulting FIO2 is currently unknown. METHODS: In a bench study, 2 different Venturi systems (WhisperFlow and Harol) were used to generate 3 different gas flow/FIO2 combinations (80 L/min-FIO2 0.6, 100 L/min-FIO2 0.5, 120 L/min-FIO2 0.4). Different combinations of filters were applied at the flow generator input line and/or at the helmet inlet port. Two types of filters were used for this purpose: a heat and moisture exchanger filter and an electrostatic filter. The setup without filters was used as baseline. Gas flow and FIO2 were measured for each setup. RESULTS: Compared to baseline, the interposition of filters reduced the gas flow between 1–13% (P < .001). The application of a filter at the Venturi system or at the helmet generated a comparable flow reduction (-3 ± 2% vs-4 ± 2%, P = .12), whereas a greater flow reduction (-7 ± 4%) was observed when filters were applied at both sites (P < .001). An increase in FIO2 up to 5% was observed with filters applied. A strong inverse linear relationship (P < .001) was observed between the resulting gas flow and FIO2. CONCLUSIONS: The use of filters during helmet CPAP reduced the flow delivered to the helmet and, consequently, modified FIO2. If filters are applied, an adequate gas flow should be administered to guarantee a constant CPAP during the entire respiratory cycle and avoid rebreathing. Moreover, it might be important to measure the effective FIO2 delivered to the patient to guarantee a precise assessment of oxygenation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
CPAP; emergency department; noise; noninvasive ventilation; respiratory insufficiency;
English
995
1001
7
Privitera, D., Capsoni, N., Zadek, F., Vailati, P., Airoldi, C., Cozzi, M., et al. (2022). The Effect of Filters on CPAP Delivery by Helmet. RESPIRATORY CARE, 67(8), 995-1001 [10.4187/respcare.09822].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/357878
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