Phytoremediation is a potentially suitable technique for the reclamation of toxic landfill leachate (LL) by decreasing its volume through water uptake and improving its composition by uptake, accumulation and amelioration of pollutants. We investigated the use of two parameters, the LL concentration and the Leachate Pollution Index (LPI), a method used to determine the phytotoxicity potential of a leachate source based on a weighted sum of its components, to set the best LL dilution to apply when poplar clone ‘Orion’ and willow clone ‘Levante’ are selected for phytoremediation. Cuttings were watered with five LL concentrations ranging from 0 to 100%. The poplar clone showed significantly higher values than the willow clone for lowest effective concentration index (LOEC) for leaf (i.e. 11.3% vs 10.5%; p = 0.0284) and total biomass (i.e. 10.9% vs 10.6%; p = 0.0402) and for lowest effective LPI for leaf (i.e. 12.3 vs 12.1; p = 0.0359) and total biomass (i.e. 12.8 versus 12.2; p = 0.0365), respectively, with effectiveness demonstrating the LOEC or LPI value at which the parameter is negatively affected. Photosynthetic rates were higher in poplar than willow in both control and the lowest LL dilution, but rapidly declined in both at higher LL dilutions. Although a direct translation of data from bench trials to field conditions should be investigated, we concluded that in the establishment phase, the poplar hybrid is more tolerant than the willow hybrid to LL. We also provide evidence for LPI as a potential predictor for setting LL irrigation levels in the initial phase of a phyto-treatment approach.

Guidi Nissim, W., Palm, E., Pandolfi, C., Mancuso, S., Azzarello, E. (2021). Relationship between Leachate Pollution Index and growth response of two willow and poplar hybrids: Implications for phyto-treatment applications. WASTE MANAGEMENT, 136(December 2021), 162-173 [10.1016/j.wasman.2021.09.012].

Relationship between Leachate Pollution Index and growth response of two willow and poplar hybrids: Implications for phyto-treatment applications

Guidi Nissim, W;
2021

Abstract

Phytoremediation is a potentially suitable technique for the reclamation of toxic landfill leachate (LL) by decreasing its volume through water uptake and improving its composition by uptake, accumulation and amelioration of pollutants. We investigated the use of two parameters, the LL concentration and the Leachate Pollution Index (LPI), a method used to determine the phytotoxicity potential of a leachate source based on a weighted sum of its components, to set the best LL dilution to apply when poplar clone ‘Orion’ and willow clone ‘Levante’ are selected for phytoremediation. Cuttings were watered with five LL concentrations ranging from 0 to 100%. The poplar clone showed significantly higher values than the willow clone for lowest effective concentration index (LOEC) for leaf (i.e. 11.3% vs 10.5%; p = 0.0284) and total biomass (i.e. 10.9% vs 10.6%; p = 0.0402) and for lowest effective LPI for leaf (i.e. 12.3 vs 12.1; p = 0.0359) and total biomass (i.e. 12.8 versus 12.2; p = 0.0365), respectively, with effectiveness demonstrating the LOEC or LPI value at which the parameter is negatively affected. Photosynthetic rates were higher in poplar than willow in both control and the lowest LL dilution, but rapidly declined in both at higher LL dilutions. Although a direct translation of data from bench trials to field conditions should be investigated, we concluded that in the establishment phase, the poplar hybrid is more tolerant than the willow hybrid to LL. We also provide evidence for LPI as a potential predictor for setting LL irrigation levels in the initial phase of a phyto-treatment approach.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Leachate; Leachate Pollution Index; Phytomanagement; Pollution; Populus; Salix;
English
162
173
12
Guidi Nissim, W., Palm, E., Pandolfi, C., Mancuso, S., Azzarello, E. (2021). Relationship between Leachate Pollution Index and growth response of two willow and poplar hybrids: Implications for phyto-treatment applications. WASTE MANAGEMENT, 136(December 2021), 162-173 [10.1016/j.wasman.2021.09.012].
Guidi Nissim, W; Palm, E; Pandolfi, C; Mancuso, S; Azzarello, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/357761
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