Phytotechnological approaches using living plants are currently being proposed to address a wide range of environmental purposes including the treatment of landfill leachate (LL). Despite their popularity, few studies have investigated this possibility under actual Mediterranean conditions using fast-growing trees. This research reports the results of a two-year project where poplar and willow grown in mesocosm were tested for their ability to withstand and remove specific pollutants from different [Low: 7% (1st year) and 15% (2nd year); High: 15% (1st year) and 30% (2nd year)] amounts of LL. Results indicate that both species were able to treat 340 (Low) and 680 (High) m3 ha−1 in the establishment year (70 days) and 2470 (Low) and 4950 (High) m3 ha−1 in the second year (150 days). Both species yielded the same aboveground biomass, but under high LL treatment, poplar performed better than willow. Poplar showed on average significantly higher extraction rates for Cd, Cu, P, and N than willow. Moreover, under high LL treatment, poplar also seemed more efficient than willow in decreasing the concentration of specific pollutants (BOD5, COD and As) in output effluent. However, with low LL loads both species were able to significantly reduce other compounds (i.e. NH4–N, Cu and Ni). By contrast, Cl, surfactants, and NO3–N, had a tendency to accumulate over time in the effluent and could still represent an actual constraint to large-scale application of the technique. The fate of such pollutants should be investigated with further research to better inform strategies used to manage low amounts of high-concentrated effluent.

Guidi Nissim, W., Palm, E., Pandolfi, C., Mancuso, S., Azzarello, E. (2021). Willow and poplar for the phyto-treatment of landfill leachate in Mediterranean climate. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 277(1 January 2021) [10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111454].

Willow and poplar for the phyto-treatment of landfill leachate in Mediterranean climate

Guidi Nissim W.;
2021

Abstract

Phytotechnological approaches using living plants are currently being proposed to address a wide range of environmental purposes including the treatment of landfill leachate (LL). Despite their popularity, few studies have investigated this possibility under actual Mediterranean conditions using fast-growing trees. This research reports the results of a two-year project where poplar and willow grown in mesocosm were tested for their ability to withstand and remove specific pollutants from different [Low: 7% (1st year) and 15% (2nd year); High: 15% (1st year) and 30% (2nd year)] amounts of LL. Results indicate that both species were able to treat 340 (Low) and 680 (High) m3 ha−1 in the establishment year (70 days) and 2470 (Low) and 4950 (High) m3 ha−1 in the second year (150 days). Both species yielded the same aboveground biomass, but under high LL treatment, poplar performed better than willow. Poplar showed on average significantly higher extraction rates for Cd, Cu, P, and N than willow. Moreover, under high LL treatment, poplar also seemed more efficient than willow in decreasing the concentration of specific pollutants (BOD5, COD and As) in output effluent. However, with low LL loads both species were able to significantly reduce other compounds (i.e. NH4–N, Cu and Ni). By contrast, Cl, surfactants, and NO3–N, had a tendency to accumulate over time in the effluent and could still represent an actual constraint to large-scale application of the technique. The fate of such pollutants should be investigated with further research to better inform strategies used to manage low amounts of high-concentrated effluent.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Phytoextraction; Phytomanagement; Pollution; Populus; Rhizofiltration; Salix;
English
Guidi Nissim, W., Palm, E., Pandolfi, C., Mancuso, S., Azzarello, E. (2021). Willow and poplar for the phyto-treatment of landfill leachate in Mediterranean climate. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 277(1 January 2021) [10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111454].
Guidi Nissim, W; Palm, E; Pandolfi, C; Mancuso, S; Azzarello, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/357688
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