Vegetation responds at varying temporal scales to changing soil water availability. These process dynamics complicate assessments of plant-water relations but also offer various access points to advance understanding of vegetation responses to environmental change. Remote sensing (RS) provides large capacity to quantify sensitive and robust information of vegetation responses and underlying abiotic change driver across observational scales. Retrieved RS based vegetation parameters are often sensitive to various environmental and plant specific factors in addition to the targeted plant response. Further, individual plant responses to water limitation act at different temporal and spatial scales, while RS sampling schemes are often not optimized to assess these dynamics. The combination of these aspects complicates the interpretation of RS parameter when assessing plant-water relations. We consequently aim to advance insight on the sensitivity of physiological, biochemical and structural RS parameter for plant adaptation in response to emerging soil water limitation. We made a field experiment in maize in Tuscany (Central Italy), while irrigation was stopped in some areas of the drip-irrigated field. Within a period of two weeks, we measured the hydraulic and physiological state of maize plants in situ and complemented these detailed measurements with extensive airborne observations (e.g. sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF), vegetation indices sensitive for photosynthesis, pigment and water content, land surface temperature). We observe a double response of far-red SIF with a short-term increase after manifestation of soil water limitation and a decrease afterwards. We identify different response times of RS parameter representing different plant adaptation mechanisms ranging from short term responses (e.g. stomatal conductance, photosynthesis) to medium term changes (e.g. pigment decomposition, changing leaf water content). Our study demonstrates complementarity of common and new RS parameter to mechanistically assess the complex cascade of functional, biochemical and structural plant responses to evolving soil water limitation.

Damm, A., Cogliati, S., Colombo, R., Fritsche, L., Genangeli, A., Genesio, L., et al. (2022). Response times of remote sensing measured sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, surface temperature and vegetation indices to evolving soil water limitation in a crop canopy. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 273(May 2022) [10.1016/j.rse.2022.112957].

Response times of remote sensing measured sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, surface temperature and vegetation indices to evolving soil water limitation in a crop canopy

Cogliati, S.
Secondo
;
Colombo, R.;
2022

Abstract

Vegetation responds at varying temporal scales to changing soil water availability. These process dynamics complicate assessments of plant-water relations but also offer various access points to advance understanding of vegetation responses to environmental change. Remote sensing (RS) provides large capacity to quantify sensitive and robust information of vegetation responses and underlying abiotic change driver across observational scales. Retrieved RS based vegetation parameters are often sensitive to various environmental and plant specific factors in addition to the targeted plant response. Further, individual plant responses to water limitation act at different temporal and spatial scales, while RS sampling schemes are often not optimized to assess these dynamics. The combination of these aspects complicates the interpretation of RS parameter when assessing plant-water relations. We consequently aim to advance insight on the sensitivity of physiological, biochemical and structural RS parameter for plant adaptation in response to emerging soil water limitation. We made a field experiment in maize in Tuscany (Central Italy), while irrigation was stopped in some areas of the drip-irrigated field. Within a period of two weeks, we measured the hydraulic and physiological state of maize plants in situ and complemented these detailed measurements with extensive airborne observations (e.g. sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF), vegetation indices sensitive for photosynthesis, pigment and water content, land surface temperature). We observe a double response of far-red SIF with a short-term increase after manifestation of soil water limitation and a decrease afterwards. We identify different response times of RS parameter representing different plant adaptation mechanisms ranging from short term responses (e.g. stomatal conductance, photosynthesis) to medium term changes (e.g. pigment decomposition, changing leaf water content). Our study demonstrates complementarity of common and new RS parameter to mechanistically assess the complex cascade of functional, biochemical and structural plant responses to evolving soil water limitation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Agricultural ecosystems; MERIS terrestrial chlorophyll index; Multi-sensor remote sensing; Photochemical reflectance index; Soil water limitation; Water band index;
English
Damm, A., Cogliati, S., Colombo, R., Fritsche, L., Genangeli, A., Genesio, L., et al. (2022). Response times of remote sensing measured sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, surface temperature and vegetation indices to evolving soil water limitation in a crop canopy. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 273(May 2022) [10.1016/j.rse.2022.112957].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/356803
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