Background: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) is endemic globally, causing severe infections in hospitalized patients. Surveillance programs help monitor and promptly identify the emergence of new clones. We reported the rapid spread of a novel clone of K. pneumoniae co-harbouring class A and D carbapenemases in colonized patients, and the potential risk factors involved in the development of infections. Methods: Rectal swabs were used for microbiological analyses and detection of the most common carbapenemase encoding genes by real-time PCR (i.e., blaKPC, blaOXA-48, blaNDM, blaVIM, and blaIMP). All strains co-harbouring KPC and OXA-48 genes were evaluated. For each patient, the following variables were collected: age, sex, length and ward of stay, device use, and outcome. Clonality of CR-Kp was assessed by preliminary pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), followed by multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) analyses. Results: A total of 127 isolates of K. pneumoniae co-harbouring KPC and OXA-48 were collected between September 2019 and December 2020. The median age (IQR) of patients was 70 (61–77). More than 40% of patients were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU). Around 25% of patients developed an invasive infection, the majority of which were respiratory tract infections (17/31; 54.8%). ICU stay and invasive infection increased the risk of mortality (OR: 5.39, 95% CI: 2.42–12.00; OR 6.12, 95% CI: 2.55–14.69, respectively; p-value ≤ 0.001). The antibiotic susceptibility test showed a resistance profile for almost all antibiotics considered. Monoclonal origin was confirmed by PFGE and MLST showing a similar restriction pattern and belonging to ST-512. Conclusions: We report the spread and the marked antibiotic resistance profiles of K. pneumoniae strains co-producing KPC and OXA-48. Further study could clarify the roles of clinical and microbiological variables in the development of invasive infection and increasing risk of mortality, in colonized patients.

Del Rio, A., Muresu, N., Sotgiu, G., Saderi, L., Sechi, I., Cossu, A., et al. (2022). High-Risk Clone of Klebsiella pneumoniae Co-Harbouring Class A and D Carbapenemases in Italy. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 19(5) [10.3390/ijerph19052623].

High-Risk Clone of Klebsiella pneumoniae Co-Harbouring Class A and D Carbapenemases in Italy

Cocuzza C.;Martinelli M.;Calaresu E.;
2022

Abstract

Background: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) is endemic globally, causing severe infections in hospitalized patients. Surveillance programs help monitor and promptly identify the emergence of new clones. We reported the rapid spread of a novel clone of K. pneumoniae co-harbouring class A and D carbapenemases in colonized patients, and the potential risk factors involved in the development of infections. Methods: Rectal swabs were used for microbiological analyses and detection of the most common carbapenemase encoding genes by real-time PCR (i.e., blaKPC, blaOXA-48, blaNDM, blaVIM, and blaIMP). All strains co-harbouring KPC and OXA-48 genes were evaluated. For each patient, the following variables were collected: age, sex, length and ward of stay, device use, and outcome. Clonality of CR-Kp was assessed by preliminary pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), followed by multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) analyses. Results: A total of 127 isolates of K. pneumoniae co-harbouring KPC and OXA-48 were collected between September 2019 and December 2020. The median age (IQR) of patients was 70 (61–77). More than 40% of patients were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU). Around 25% of patients developed an invasive infection, the majority of which were respiratory tract infections (17/31; 54.8%). ICU stay and invasive infection increased the risk of mortality (OR: 5.39, 95% CI: 2.42–12.00; OR 6.12, 95% CI: 2.55–14.69, respectively; p-value ≤ 0.001). The antibiotic susceptibility test showed a resistance profile for almost all antibiotics considered. Monoclonal origin was confirmed by PFGE and MLST showing a similar restriction pattern and belonging to ST-512. Conclusions: We report the spread and the marked antibiotic resistance profiles of K. pneumoniae strains co-producing KPC and OXA-48. Further study could clarify the roles of clinical and microbiological variables in the development of invasive infection and increasing risk of mortality, in colonized patients.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Antimicrobial resistance; Carbapenemase genes; Klebsiella pneumoniae; Nosocomial infections;
English
Del Rio, A., Muresu, N., Sotgiu, G., Saderi, L., Sechi, I., Cossu, A., et al. (2022). High-Risk Clone of Klebsiella pneumoniae Co-Harbouring Class A and D Carbapenemases in Italy. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 19(5) [10.3390/ijerph19052623].
Del Rio, A; Muresu, N; Sotgiu, G; Saderi, L; Sechi, I; Cossu, A; Usai, M; Palmieri, A; Are, B; Deiana, G; Cocuzza, C; Martinelli, M; Calaresu, E; Piana, A
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/356759
Citazioni
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
Social impact