Introduction: Motorcycle accidents are one of the most frequent causes of trauma. Safety devices and helmets can influence the severity of injuries. Our retrospective study wants to evaluate the different effectiveness of Open-face and Full-face helmets in the prevention of craniofacial trauma. Materials and Methods: The sample consists of 440 patients admitted to two Level I Trauma Centres in Northern Italy, between January 2002 and February 2019, because of motorcycle-related craniofacial trauma. For each patient personal data were collected, as well as type and site of fractures, type of helmet, if worn, Comprehensive Facial Injury (CFI) score and Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS-Head) for head injuries. Inferential statistical analysis was then conducted. Results: Two hundred and eighty-eight patients wore Open-face helmets (69.7%) and 125 patients wore Full-face ones (30.3%). Mean CFI score (Standard deviation-SD) observed in patients with Open-face helmets was 7.0 (SD: 6.8) and surgery was required in 149 cases (51.7%); while it was 4.9 (SD: 6.0) in patients with Full-face helmets for whom surgery was required in 43 cases (34.4%) (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.002, respectively). Multivariate analysis shows that severity of facial trauma is a significant risk factor for head injury severity with OR 1.90 (95% confidence interval: 1.43-2.51) and P < 0.0001. Discussion: Full-face helmets are definitely considered to be more protective for facial trauma, which is also a significant risk factor for the severity of head injuries. The type of helmet chosen influences the need of surgical treatment in case of craniofacial trauma.

Novelli, G., Moretti, M., De Ponti, E., Bozzetti, A., Sozzi, D., Canzi, G. (2021). Analysis of different safety devices in the prevention of motorcycle-related craniofacial trauma-A retrospective study. ANNALS OF MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 11(2), 293-297 [10.4103/ams.ams_203_21].

Analysis of different safety devices in the prevention of motorcycle-related craniofacial trauma-A retrospective study

Novelli G.
Primo
;
De Ponti E.;Bozzetti A.;Sozzi D.;Canzi G.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Motorcycle accidents are one of the most frequent causes of trauma. Safety devices and helmets can influence the severity of injuries. Our retrospective study wants to evaluate the different effectiveness of Open-face and Full-face helmets in the prevention of craniofacial trauma. Materials and Methods: The sample consists of 440 patients admitted to two Level I Trauma Centres in Northern Italy, between January 2002 and February 2019, because of motorcycle-related craniofacial trauma. For each patient personal data were collected, as well as type and site of fractures, type of helmet, if worn, Comprehensive Facial Injury (CFI) score and Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS-Head) for head injuries. Inferential statistical analysis was then conducted. Results: Two hundred and eighty-eight patients wore Open-face helmets (69.7%) and 125 patients wore Full-face ones (30.3%). Mean CFI score (Standard deviation-SD) observed in patients with Open-face helmets was 7.0 (SD: 6.8) and surgery was required in 149 cases (51.7%); while it was 4.9 (SD: 6.0) in patients with Full-face helmets for whom surgery was required in 43 cases (34.4%) (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.002, respectively). Multivariate analysis shows that severity of facial trauma is a significant risk factor for head injury severity with OR 1.90 (95% confidence interval: 1.43-2.51) and P < 0.0001. Discussion: Full-face helmets are definitely considered to be more protective for facial trauma, which is also a significant risk factor for the severity of head injuries. The type of helmet chosen influences the need of surgical treatment in case of craniofacial trauma.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Facial injuries; Head protective devices; Head trauma; Motorcycle; Trauma severity indices;
English
293
297
5
Novelli, G., Moretti, M., De Ponti, E., Bozzetti, A., Sozzi, D., Canzi, G. (2021). Analysis of different safety devices in the prevention of motorcycle-related craniofacial trauma-A retrospective study. ANNALS OF MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 11(2), 293-297 [10.4103/ams.ams_203_21].
Novelli, G; Moretti, M; De Ponti, E; Bozzetti, A; Sozzi, D; Canzi, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/356384
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