RalGPS2 is a Ras-independent Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor for RalA GTPase that is involved in several cellular processes, including cytoskeletal organization. Previously, we demonstrated that RalGPS2 also plays a role in the formation of tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) in bladder cancer 5637 cells. In particular, TNTs are a novel mechanism of cell-cell communication in the tumor microenvironment, playing a central role in cancer progression and metastasis formation. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in TNTs formation still need to be fully elucidated. Here we demonstrate that mid and high-stage bladder cancer cell lines have functional TNTs, which can transfer mitochondria. Moreover, using confocal fluorescence time-lapse microscopy, we show in 5637 cells that TNTs mediate the trafficking of RalA protein and transmembrane MHC class III protein leukocyte-specific transcript 1 (LST1). Furthermore, we show that RalGPS2 is essential for nanotubes generation, and stress conditions boost its expression both in 5637 and HEK293 cell lines. Finally, we prove that RalGPS2 interacts with Akt and PDK1, in addition to LST1 and RalA, leading to the formation of a complex that promotes nanotubes formation. In conclusion, our findings suggest that in the tumor microenvironment, RalGPS2 orchestrates the assembly of multimolecular complexes that drive the formation of TNTs.

D'Aloia, A., Arrigoni, E., Costa, B., Berruti, G., Martegani, E., Sacco, E., et al. (2021). RalGPS2 interacts with AKT and PDK1 promoting tunneling nanotubes formation in bladder cancer and kidney cells microenvironment. CANCERS, 13(24) [10.3390/cancers13246330].

RalGPS2 interacts with AKT and PDK1 promoting tunneling nanotubes formation in bladder cancer and kidney cells microenvironment

D'Aloia A.
Primo
;
Arrigoni E.
Secondo
;
Berruti G.;Martegani E.;Sacco E.
Penultimo
;
Ceriani M.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

RalGPS2 is a Ras-independent Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor for RalA GTPase that is involved in several cellular processes, including cytoskeletal organization. Previously, we demonstrated that RalGPS2 also plays a role in the formation of tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) in bladder cancer 5637 cells. In particular, TNTs are a novel mechanism of cell-cell communication in the tumor microenvironment, playing a central role in cancer progression and metastasis formation. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in TNTs formation still need to be fully elucidated. Here we demonstrate that mid and high-stage bladder cancer cell lines have functional TNTs, which can transfer mitochondria. Moreover, using confocal fluorescence time-lapse microscopy, we show in 5637 cells that TNTs mediate the trafficking of RalA protein and transmembrane MHC class III protein leukocyte-specific transcript 1 (LST1). Furthermore, we show that RalGPS2 is essential for nanotubes generation, and stress conditions boost its expression both in 5637 and HEK293 cell lines. Finally, we prove that RalGPS2 interacts with Akt and PDK1, in addition to LST1 and RalA, leading to the formation of a complex that promotes nanotubes formation. In conclusion, our findings suggest that in the tumor microenvironment, RalGPS2 orchestrates the assembly of multimolecular complexes that drive the formation of TNTs.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Akt; Bladder cancer; Kidney; Microenvironment; PDK1; RalGPS2; Stress condition; Tunneling nanotubes;
English
D'Aloia, A., Arrigoni, E., Costa, B., Berruti, G., Martegani, E., Sacco, E., et al. (2021). RalGPS2 interacts with AKT and PDK1 promoting tunneling nanotubes formation in bladder cancer and kidney cells microenvironment. CANCERS, 13(24) [10.3390/cancers13246330].
D'Aloia, A; Arrigoni, E; Costa, B; Berruti, G; Martegani, E; Sacco, E; Ceriani, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/355061
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