Two Italian patients with the initial clinical diagnosis of Rothmund-Thomson syndrome were negative for RECQL4 mutations but showed in peripheral blood cells a spontaneous chromosomal instability significantly higher than controls. Revisiting after time their clinical phenotype, the suggestive matching with the autosomal dominant syndrome Poikiloderma, Hereditary Fibrosing with Tendon Contracture, Myopathy and Pulmonary fibrosis (POIKTMP) was confirmed by identification of the c.1879A>G (p.Arg627Gly) alteration in FAM111B. We compare the overall clinical signs of our patients with those of reported carriers of the same mutation and present the up-to-date mutational repertoire of FAM111B and the related phenotypic spectrum. Our snapshot highlights the age-dependent clinical expressivity of POIKTMP and the need to follow-up patients to monitor the multi-tissue impairment caused by FAM111B alterations. We link our chromosomal instability data to the role of FAM111B in cancer predisposition, pointed out by its implication in DNA-repair pathways and the outcome of pancreatic cancer in 2 out of 17 adult POIKTMP patients. The chromosomal instability herein highlighted well connects POIKTMP to cancer-predisposing syndromes, such as Rothmund-Thomson which represents the first hereditary poikiloderma entering in differential diagnosis with POIKTMP.

Roversi, G., Colombo, E., Magnani, I., Gervasini, C., Maggiore, G., Paradisi, M., et al. (2021). Spontaneous chromosomal instability in peripheral blood lymphocytes from two molecularly confirmed italian patients with hereditary fibrosis poikiloderma: Insights into cancer predisposition. GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 44(3) [10.1590/1678-4685-GMB-2020-0332].

Spontaneous chromosomal instability in peripheral blood lymphocytes from two molecularly confirmed italian patients with hereditary fibrosis poikiloderma: Insights into cancer predisposition

Roversi G.
Primo
;
2021

Abstract

Two Italian patients with the initial clinical diagnosis of Rothmund-Thomson syndrome were negative for RECQL4 mutations but showed in peripheral blood cells a spontaneous chromosomal instability significantly higher than controls. Revisiting after time their clinical phenotype, the suggestive matching with the autosomal dominant syndrome Poikiloderma, Hereditary Fibrosing with Tendon Contracture, Myopathy and Pulmonary fibrosis (POIKTMP) was confirmed by identification of the c.1879A>G (p.Arg627Gly) alteration in FAM111B. We compare the overall clinical signs of our patients with those of reported carriers of the same mutation and present the up-to-date mutational repertoire of FAM111B and the related phenotypic spectrum. Our snapshot highlights the age-dependent clinical expressivity of POIKTMP and the need to follow-up patients to monitor the multi-tissue impairment caused by FAM111B alterations. We link our chromosomal instability data to the role of FAM111B in cancer predisposition, pointed out by its implication in DNA-repair pathways and the outcome of pancreatic cancer in 2 out of 17 adult POIKTMP patients. The chromosomal instability herein highlighted well connects POIKTMP to cancer-predisposing syndromes, such as Rothmund-Thomson which represents the first hereditary poikiloderma entering in differential diagnosis with POIKTMP.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cancer predisposition; Chromosomal instability; FAM111B pathogenic variants; Pancreatic carcinoma; POIKTMP;
English
Roversi, G., Colombo, E., Magnani, I., Gervasini, C., Maggiore, G., Paradisi, M., et al. (2021). Spontaneous chromosomal instability in peripheral blood lymphocytes from two molecularly confirmed italian patients with hereditary fibrosis poikiloderma: Insights into cancer predisposition. GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 44(3) [10.1590/1678-4685-GMB-2020-0332].
Roversi, G; Colombo, E; Magnani, I; Gervasini, C; Maggiore, G; Paradisi, M; Larizza, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/354987
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