In addition to the relaxation of the pedestal, edge localised modes (ELMs) introduce changes to the divertor and scrape-off layer (SOL) conditions. Their impact on the inter-ELM pedestal recovery is investigated, with emphasis on the electron density (n e) evolution. The typical ELM cycle occurring in an exemplary ASDEX Upgrade discharge interval at moderate applied gas puff and heating power is characterised, utilising several divertor, SOL and pedestal diagnostics. In the studied discharge interval the inner divertor target is detached before the ELM crash, while the outer target is attached. The particles and power expelled by the ELM crash lead to a re-attachment of the inner target plasma. After the ELM crash, the outer divertor target moves into a high recycling regime with large n e in front of the plate, which is accompanied by high main chamber neutral fluxes. On similar timescales, the inner target fully detaches and the high field side high density region (HFSHD) is formed reaching up to the high field side midplane. This state evolves again to the pre-ELM state, when the main chamber neutral fluxes are reduced later in the ELM cycle. Neither the timescale of the appearance of the HFSHD nor the increase of the main chamber neutral fluxes fit the timescale of the n e pedestal, which is faster. It is found that during the n e pedestal recovery, the magnetic activity at the low field side midplane is strongly reduced indicating a lower level of fluctuations. A rough estimation of the particle flux across the pedestal suggests that the particle flux is reduced in this period. In conclusion, the evolution of the n e pedestal is determined by a combination of neutral fluxes, HFSHD and reduced particle flux across the pedestal. A reduced particle flux explains the fast, experimentally observed re-establishment of the n e pedestal best, whereas neutrals and HFSHD impact on the evolution of the SOL and separatrix conditions.

Laggner, F., Keerl, S., Gnilsen, J., Wolfrum, E., Bernert, M., Carralero, D., et al. (2018). Divertor, scrape-off layer and pedestal particle dynamics in the ELM cycle on ASDEX Upgrade. PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION, 60(2) [10.1088/1361-6587/aa90bf].

Divertor, scrape-off layer and pedestal particle dynamics in the ELM cycle on ASDEX Upgrade

Cavedon M.;
2018

Abstract

In addition to the relaxation of the pedestal, edge localised modes (ELMs) introduce changes to the divertor and scrape-off layer (SOL) conditions. Their impact on the inter-ELM pedestal recovery is investigated, with emphasis on the electron density (n e) evolution. The typical ELM cycle occurring in an exemplary ASDEX Upgrade discharge interval at moderate applied gas puff and heating power is characterised, utilising several divertor, SOL and pedestal diagnostics. In the studied discharge interval the inner divertor target is detached before the ELM crash, while the outer target is attached. The particles and power expelled by the ELM crash lead to a re-attachment of the inner target plasma. After the ELM crash, the outer divertor target moves into a high recycling regime with large n e in front of the plate, which is accompanied by high main chamber neutral fluxes. On similar timescales, the inner target fully detaches and the high field side high density region (HFSHD) is formed reaching up to the high field side midplane. This state evolves again to the pre-ELM state, when the main chamber neutral fluxes are reduced later in the ELM cycle. Neither the timescale of the appearance of the HFSHD nor the increase of the main chamber neutral fluxes fit the timescale of the n e pedestal, which is faster. It is found that during the n e pedestal recovery, the magnetic activity at the low field side midplane is strongly reduced indicating a lower level of fluctuations. A rough estimation of the particle flux across the pedestal suggests that the particle flux is reduced in this period. In conclusion, the evolution of the n e pedestal is determined by a combination of neutral fluxes, HFSHD and reduced particle flux across the pedestal. A reduced particle flux explains the fast, experimentally observed re-establishment of the n e pedestal best, whereas neutrals and HFSHD impact on the evolution of the SOL and separatrix conditions.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
edge localised modes; H-mode; profile evolution; tokamak;
English
Laggner, F., Keerl, S., Gnilsen, J., Wolfrum, E., Bernert, M., Carralero, D., et al. (2018). Divertor, scrape-off layer and pedestal particle dynamics in the ELM cycle on ASDEX Upgrade. PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION, 60(2) [10.1088/1361-6587/aa90bf].
Laggner, F; Keerl, S; Gnilsen, J; Wolfrum, E; Bernert, M; Carralero, D; Guimarais, L; Nikolaeva, V; Potzel, S; Cavedon, M; Mink, F; Dunne, M; Birkenmeier, G; Fischer, R; Viezzer, E; Willensdorfer, M; Wischmeier, M; Aumayr, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/354929
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