Edge localized modes (ELMs) are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities that cause fast periodic relaxations of the strong edge pressure gradient in tokamak fusion plasmas. A novel diagnostic method allows the extraction of toroidal mode numbers, rotation velocities and spatial information during the ELM cycle including the crash. While mode number branches n = 3-6 and n = 8-10 are dominant just before the ELM crash, during the ELM crash n = 2-5 are observed in typical discharges with type-I ELMs in the tokamak experiment. These findings are compared to results from nonlinear MHD simulations. Although n = 6 is linearly dominant, nonlinear coupling in which n = 1 is particularly important leads to the dominance of n = 3-5 during the ELM crash, in excellent agreement with experimental observations. The simultaneous occurrence of these modes over a wide radial region leads to high stochasticity and thus increased transport.

Mink, A., Hoelzl, M., Wolfrum, E., Orain, F., Dunne, M., Lessig, A., et al. (2018). Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes. NUCLEAR FUSION, 58(2) [10.1088/1741-4326/aa98f7].

Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes

Cavedon M.;
2018

Abstract

Edge localized modes (ELMs) are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities that cause fast periodic relaxations of the strong edge pressure gradient in tokamak fusion plasmas. A novel diagnostic method allows the extraction of toroidal mode numbers, rotation velocities and spatial information during the ELM cycle including the crash. While mode number branches n = 3-6 and n = 8-10 are dominant just before the ELM crash, during the ELM crash n = 2-5 are observed in typical discharges with type-I ELMs in the tokamak experiment. These findings are compared to results from nonlinear MHD simulations. Although n = 6 is linearly dominant, nonlinear coupling in which n = 1 is particularly important leads to the dominance of n = 3-5 during the ELM crash, in excellent agreement with experimental observations. The simultaneous occurrence of these modes over a wide radial region leads to high stochasticity and thus increased transport.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Edge localized mode; JOREK; Mode number; Nonlinear; Plasma;
English
Mink, A., Hoelzl, M., Wolfrum, E., Orain, F., Dunne, M., Lessig, A., et al. (2018). Nonlinear coupling induced toroidal structure of edge localized modes. NUCLEAR FUSION, 58(2) [10.1088/1741-4326/aa98f7].
Mink, A; Hoelzl, M; Wolfrum, E; Orain, F; Dunne, M; Lessig, A; Pamela, S; Manz, P; Maraschek, M; Huijsmans, G; Becoulet, M; Laggner, F; Cavedon, M; Lackner, K; Gunter, S; Stroth, U
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/354927
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