Future fusion reactors require a safe, steady state divertor operation. The required detached operation is, in tokamaks with metal walls, usually achieved by seeding of impurities, such as nitrogen. With strong seeding levels, the dominant radiation is emitted from a small, poloidally localized volume inside the confined region, in the vicinity of the X-point. The location of the radiating volume is observed to vary relative to the X-point depending on seeding and power levels, i.e. depending on the degree of detachment. At the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak, the position of the radiator relative to the X-point can be controlled in real time by a modulation of the nitrogen puff level. At a certain height of the radiator above the X-point, an ELM-suppressed regime is observed with minimal reduction of confinement. While the control of the X-point radiator already allows operation in full detachment at a dissipated power fraction of around 95 %, which is required for a future reactor and was previously never achieved in a controlled way, such an ELM-suppressed regime additionally eliminates the challenge of the transient, intolerably high heat fluxes by ELMs. Both requirements are met in the presented regime while maintaining a high energy confinement at high density.

Bernert, M., Janky, F., Sieglin, B., Kallenbach, A., Lipschultz, B., Reimold, F., et al. (2021). X-point radiation, its control and an ELM suppressed radiating regime at the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. NUCLEAR FUSION, 61(2) [10.1088/1741-4326/abc936].

X-point radiation, its control and an ELM suppressed radiating regime at the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak

Cavedon M.;
2021

Abstract

Future fusion reactors require a safe, steady state divertor operation. The required detached operation is, in tokamaks with metal walls, usually achieved by seeding of impurities, such as nitrogen. With strong seeding levels, the dominant radiation is emitted from a small, poloidally localized volume inside the confined region, in the vicinity of the X-point. The location of the radiating volume is observed to vary relative to the X-point depending on seeding and power levels, i.e. depending on the degree of detachment. At the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak, the position of the radiator relative to the X-point can be controlled in real time by a modulation of the nitrogen puff level. At a certain height of the radiator above the X-point, an ELM-suppressed regime is observed with minimal reduction of confinement. While the control of the X-point radiator already allows operation in full detachment at a dissipated power fraction of around 95 %, which is required for a future reactor and was previously never achieved in a controlled way, such an ELM-suppressed regime additionally eliminates the challenge of the transient, intolerably high heat fluxes by ELMs. Both requirements are met in the presented regime while maintaining a high energy confinement at high density.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Plasma;
English
Bernert, M., Janky, F., Sieglin, B., Kallenbach, A., Lipschultz, B., Reimold, F., et al. (2021). X-point radiation, its control and an ELM suppressed radiating regime at the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. NUCLEAR FUSION, 61(2) [10.1088/1741-4326/abc936].
Bernert, M; Janky, F; Sieglin, B; Kallenbach, A; Lipschultz, B; Reimold, F; Wischmeier, M; Cavedon, M; David, P; Dunne, M; Griener, M; Kudlacek, O; Mcdermott, R; Treutterer, W; Wolfrum, E; Brida, D; Fevrier, O; Henderson, S; Komm, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/354893
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