ASDEX Upgrade is preparing a hardware modification of its upper divertor in order to study alternative divertor configurations, like the X-divertor (XD) and the snowflake divertor (SF), that are discussed as a possible solution for the power exhaust problem. Experiments characterizing the current upper divertor in single-null (SN) configuration before and during detachment were carried out recently and interpreted by EMC3-EIRENE (Lunt et al., 2020) now including volumetric recombination. In continuation of these studies we here report on further simulations with this code extrapolating these conditions to the future upper divertor. For the same transport parameters, input power and upstream separatrix density for which the outer target (OT) of the SN is attached, the XD and SF show significant detachment at the OT accompanied by a reduction of the parallel heat flux by a factor of more than five. Despite the shallow field line incidence angles in the XD configuration the intrinsic 3D error fields from the current feeds only cause toroidal variations of the power fluxes of the order of 10%. With a hypothetical misalignment of the divertor coils by 3 cm substantial asymmetries in the power deposition profile are found, however, even those vanish when going to detached plasma conditions. In order to fully detach the plasma at the OT in the SF configuration impurities, here in the form of nitrogen, need to be puffed directly into the region of the secondary X-point in the simulation.

Lunt, T., Bernert, M., Brida, D., Cavedon, M., David, P., Faitsch, M., et al. (2021). Study of detachment in future ASDEX Upgrade alternative divertor configurations by means of EMC3-EIRENE. NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND ENERGY, 26 [10.1016/j.nme.2021.100950].

Study of detachment in future ASDEX Upgrade alternative divertor configurations by means of EMC3-EIRENE

Cavedon M.;
2021

Abstract

ASDEX Upgrade is preparing a hardware modification of its upper divertor in order to study alternative divertor configurations, like the X-divertor (XD) and the snowflake divertor (SF), that are discussed as a possible solution for the power exhaust problem. Experiments characterizing the current upper divertor in single-null (SN) configuration before and during detachment were carried out recently and interpreted by EMC3-EIRENE (Lunt et al., 2020) now including volumetric recombination. In continuation of these studies we here report on further simulations with this code extrapolating these conditions to the future upper divertor. For the same transport parameters, input power and upstream separatrix density for which the outer target (OT) of the SN is attached, the XD and SF show significant detachment at the OT accompanied by a reduction of the parallel heat flux by a factor of more than five. Despite the shallow field line incidence angles in the XD configuration the intrinsic 3D error fields from the current feeds only cause toroidal variations of the power fluxes of the order of 10%. With a hypothetical misalignment of the divertor coils by 3 cm substantial asymmetries in the power deposition profile are found, however, even those vanish when going to detached plasma conditions. In order to fully detach the plasma at the OT in the SF configuration impurities, here in the form of nitrogen, need to be puffed directly into the region of the secondary X-point in the simulation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Alternative divertor configuration; ASDEX Upgrade; Detachment; EMC3-EIRENE; Power exhaust; Snowflake; X-divertor;
English
Lunt, T., Bernert, M., Brida, D., Cavedon, M., David, P., Faitsch, M., et al. (2021). Study of detachment in future ASDEX Upgrade alternative divertor configurations by means of EMC3-EIRENE. NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND ENERGY, 26 [10.1016/j.nme.2021.100950].
Lunt, T; Bernert, M; Brida, D; Cavedon, M; David, P; Faitsch, M; Feng, Y; Griener, M; Herrmann, A; Kurzan, B; Pan, O; Plank, U; Silvagni, D; Teschke, M; Willensdorfer, M; Wischmeier, M; Wolfrum, E; Zammuto, I
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/354829
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