The B/Ca ratio in calcareous marine species is informative of past seawater CO32- concentrations, but scarce data exist on B/Ca in coralline algae. Recent studies suggest influences of temperature and growth rates on B/Ca, the effect of which could be critical for the reconstructions of surface ocean pH and atmospheric pCO2. In this paper, we present the first laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analyses of Mg, Sr, Li, and B in the coralline alga Lithothamnion corallioides collected from different geographic settings and depths across the Mediterranean Sea and in the Atlantic Ocean. We produced the first data on putative temperature proxies (Mg/Ca, Li/Ca, Sr/Ca, Mg/Li) and B/Ca in a coralline algal species grown in different basins from across the photic zone (12, 40, 45, and 66ĝm depth). We tested the B/Ca correlation with temperature proxies and growth rates in order to evaluate their possible effect on B incorporation. Our results suggested a growth rate influence on B/Ca, which was evident in the sample with the lowest growth rate of 0.10ĝmmĝyr-1 (Pontian Isl., Italy; 66ĝm depth) and in Elba (Italy; 45ĝm depth), where the algal growth rate was the highest (0.14ĝmmĝyr-1). At these two sites, the measured B/Ca was the lowest at 462.8ĝ±ĝ49.2ĝμmolĝmol-1 and the highest at 757.7ĝ±ĝ75.5ĝμmolĝmol-1, respectively. A positive correlation between B/Ca and temperature proxies was found only in the shallowest sample from Morlaix (Atlantic coast of France; 12ĝm depth), where the amplitude of temperature variation ( "T) was the highest (8.9ĝĝ C). Still, fluctuations in B/Ca did not mirror yearly seasonal temperature oscillations as for Mg/Ca, Li/Ca, and Sr/Ca. We concluded that growth rates, triggered by the different "T and light availability across depth, affect the B incorporation in L. corallioides.

Piazza, G., Bracchi, V., Langone, A., Meroni, A., Basso, D. (2022). Growth rate rather than temperature affects the B∕Ca ratio in the calcareous red alga Lithothamnion corallioides. BIOGEOSCIENCES, 19(4), 1047-1065 [10.5194/bg-19-1047-2022].

Growth rate rather than temperature affects the B∕Ca ratio in the calcareous red alga Lithothamnion corallioides

Piazza, Giulia
;
Bracchi, Valentina A.;Meroni, Agostino N.;Basso, Daniela
2022

Abstract

The B/Ca ratio in calcareous marine species is informative of past seawater CO32- concentrations, but scarce data exist on B/Ca in coralline algae. Recent studies suggest influences of temperature and growth rates on B/Ca, the effect of which could be critical for the reconstructions of surface ocean pH and atmospheric pCO2. In this paper, we present the first laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analyses of Mg, Sr, Li, and B in the coralline alga Lithothamnion corallioides collected from different geographic settings and depths across the Mediterranean Sea and in the Atlantic Ocean. We produced the first data on putative temperature proxies (Mg/Ca, Li/Ca, Sr/Ca, Mg/Li) and B/Ca in a coralline algal species grown in different basins from across the photic zone (12, 40, 45, and 66ĝm depth). We tested the B/Ca correlation with temperature proxies and growth rates in order to evaluate their possible effect on B incorporation. Our results suggested a growth rate influence on B/Ca, which was evident in the sample with the lowest growth rate of 0.10ĝmmĝyr-1 (Pontian Isl., Italy; 66ĝm depth) and in Elba (Italy; 45ĝm depth), where the algal growth rate was the highest (0.14ĝmmĝyr-1). At these two sites, the measured B/Ca was the lowest at 462.8ĝ±ĝ49.2ĝμmolĝmol-1 and the highest at 757.7ĝ±ĝ75.5ĝμmolĝmol-1, respectively. A positive correlation between B/Ca and temperature proxies was found only in the shallowest sample from Morlaix (Atlantic coast of France; 12ĝm depth), where the amplitude of temperature variation ( "T) was the highest (8.9ĝĝ C). Still, fluctuations in B/Ca did not mirror yearly seasonal temperature oscillations as for Mg/Ca, Li/Ca, and Sr/Ca. We concluded that growth rates, triggered by the different "T and light availability across depth, affect the B incorporation in L. corallioides.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
coralline algae, B/Ca, proxy;
English
17-feb-2022
2022
19
4
1047
1065
open
Piazza, G., Bracchi, V., Langone, A., Meroni, A., Basso, D. (2022). Growth rate rather than temperature affects the B∕Ca ratio in the calcareous red alga Lithothamnion corallioides. BIOGEOSCIENCES, 19(4), 1047-1065 [10.5194/bg-19-1047-2022].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/354334
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