Introduction: Almost 30% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients have locally advanced-stage disease. In this setting, definitive radiotherapy concurrent to chemotherapy plus adjuvant immunotherapy (cCRT + IO) is the standard of care, although only 40% of these patients are eligible for this approach. Aims: A comparison between cCRT and hypofractionated radiotherapy regimens (hypo-fx RT) with the addition of sequential chemotherapy (sCHT) could be useful for future combinations with immunotherapy. We developed a recommendation about the clinical question of whether CHT and moderately hypo-fx RT are comparable to cCRT for locally advanced NSCLC Materials and methods: The panel used GRADE methodology and the Evidence to Decision (EtD) framework. After a systematic literature search, five studies were eligible. We identified the following outcomes: progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), freedom from locoregional recurrence (FFLR), deterioration of quality of life (QoL), treatment-related deaths, severe G3–G4 toxicity, late pulmonary toxicity G3–G4, and acute esophageal toxicity G3–G4. Results: The probability of OS and G3–G4 late lung toxicity seems to be worse in patients submitted to sCHT and hypo-fx RT. The panel judged unfavorable the balance benefits/harms. Conclusions: The final recommendation was that sCHT followed by moderately hypo-fx RT should not be considered as an alternative to cCRT in unresectable stage III NSCLC patients.

Merlotti, A., Bruni, A., Borghetti, P., Ramella, S., Scotti, V., Trovo, M., et al. (2021). Sequential chemo-hypofractionated RT versus concurrent standard CRT for locally advanced NSCLC: GRADE recommendation by the Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology (AIRO). LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA, 126(8), 1117-1128 [10.1007/s11547-021-01362-8].

Sequential chemo-hypofractionated RT versus concurrent standard CRT for locally advanced NSCLC: GRADE recommendation by the Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology (AIRO)

Arcangeli S.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Almost 30% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients have locally advanced-stage disease. In this setting, definitive radiotherapy concurrent to chemotherapy plus adjuvant immunotherapy (cCRT + IO) is the standard of care, although only 40% of these patients are eligible for this approach. Aims: A comparison between cCRT and hypofractionated radiotherapy regimens (hypo-fx RT) with the addition of sequential chemotherapy (sCHT) could be useful for future combinations with immunotherapy. We developed a recommendation about the clinical question of whether CHT and moderately hypo-fx RT are comparable to cCRT for locally advanced NSCLC Materials and methods: The panel used GRADE methodology and the Evidence to Decision (EtD) framework. After a systematic literature search, five studies were eligible. We identified the following outcomes: progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), freedom from locoregional recurrence (FFLR), deterioration of quality of life (QoL), treatment-related deaths, severe G3–G4 toxicity, late pulmonary toxicity G3–G4, and acute esophageal toxicity G3–G4. Results: The probability of OS and G3–G4 late lung toxicity seems to be worse in patients submitted to sCHT and hypo-fx RT. The panel judged unfavorable the balance benefits/harms. Conclusions: The final recommendation was that sCHT followed by moderately hypo-fx RT should not be considered as an alternative to cCRT in unresectable stage III NSCLC patients.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Chemoradiotherapy; Hypofractionation; NSCLC; Sequential chemoradiotherapy;
English
1117
1128
12
Merlotti, A., Bruni, A., Borghetti, P., Ramella, S., Scotti, V., Trovo, M., et al. (2021). Sequential chemo-hypofractionated RT versus concurrent standard CRT for locally advanced NSCLC: GRADE recommendation by the Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology (AIRO). LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA, 126(8), 1117-1128 [10.1007/s11547-021-01362-8].
Merlotti, A; Bruni, A; Borghetti, P; Ramella, S; Scotti, V; Trovo, M; Chiari, R; Lohr, F; Ricardi, U; Bria, E; Pappagallo, G; D'Angelillo, R; Arcangeli, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/353579
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