The consequences of indoor and outdoor air pollution on human health are of great concern nowadays. In this study, we firstly evaluated indoor and outdoor air pollution levels (CO, CO2, NO, NO2, PM10) at an urban site in Dakar city center and at a rural site. Then, the individual exposure levels to selected pollutants and the variations in the levels of biomarkers of exposure were investigated in different groups of persons (bus drivers, traders working along the main roads and housemaids). Benzene exposure levels were higher for housemaids than for bus drivers and traders. High indoor exposure to benzene is probably due to cooking habits (cooking with charcoal), local practices (burning of incense), the use of cleaning products or solvent products which are important emitters of this compound. These results are confirmed by the values of S-PMA, which were higher in housemaids group compared to the others. Urinary 1-HOP levels were significantly higher for urban site housemaids compared to semirural district ones. Moreover, urinary levels of DNA oxidative stress damage (8-OHdG) and inflammatory (interleukin-6 and -8) biomarkers were higher in urban subjects in comparison to rural ones. The air quality measurement campaign showed that the bus interior was more polluted with PM10, CO, CO2 and NO than the market and urban or rural households. However, the interior of households showed higher concentration of VOCs than outdoor sites confirming previous observations of higher indoor individual exposure level to specific classes of pollutants.

Ndong Ba, A., Verdin, A., Cazier, F., Garcon, G., Thomas, J., Cabral, M., et al. (2019). Individual exposure level following indoor and outdoor air pollution exposure in Dakar (Senegal). ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, 248, 397-407 [10.1016/j.envpol.2019.02.042].

Individual exposure level following indoor and outdoor air pollution exposure in Dakar (Senegal)

Fall M.;Gualtieri M.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

The consequences of indoor and outdoor air pollution on human health are of great concern nowadays. In this study, we firstly evaluated indoor and outdoor air pollution levels (CO, CO2, NO, NO2, PM10) at an urban site in Dakar city center and at a rural site. Then, the individual exposure levels to selected pollutants and the variations in the levels of biomarkers of exposure were investigated in different groups of persons (bus drivers, traders working along the main roads and housemaids). Benzene exposure levels were higher for housemaids than for bus drivers and traders. High indoor exposure to benzene is probably due to cooking habits (cooking with charcoal), local practices (burning of incense), the use of cleaning products or solvent products which are important emitters of this compound. These results are confirmed by the values of S-PMA, which were higher in housemaids group compared to the others. Urinary 1-HOP levels were significantly higher for urban site housemaids compared to semirural district ones. Moreover, urinary levels of DNA oxidative stress damage (8-OHdG) and inflammatory (interleukin-6 and -8) biomarkers were higher in urban subjects in comparison to rural ones. The air quality measurement campaign showed that the bus interior was more polluted with PM10, CO, CO2 and NO than the market and urban or rural households. However, the interior of households showed higher concentration of VOCs than outdoor sites confirming previous observations of higher indoor individual exposure level to specific classes of pollutants.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Air pollution; Biomarkers of exposure; Indoor and outdoor air pollution exposure; Personal exposure evaluation; Volatile organic compounds exposure;
English
397
407
11
Ndong Ba, A., Verdin, A., Cazier, F., Garcon, G., Thomas, J., Cabral, M., et al. (2019). Individual exposure level following indoor and outdoor air pollution exposure in Dakar (Senegal). ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, 248, 397-407 [10.1016/j.envpol.2019.02.042].
Ndong Ba, A; Verdin, A; Cazier, F; Garcon, G; Thomas, J; Cabral, M; Dewaele, D; Genevray, P; Garat, A; Allorge, D; Diouf, A; Loguidice, J; Courcot, D; Fall, M; Gualtieri, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/352828
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