Pyrophosphates of the general formula A2BP2O7 (A = alkali metal and B = transition metal) find applications in several technological fields, including rechargeable Na-ion batteries. They present a rich polymorphism vs composition, which may strongly influence their functional properties. Therefore, to selectively obtain a specific structure is crucial for applications. Here, we combine structural investigation techniques (solid-state NMR, X-ray and neutron diffraction, and DFT calculations) to investigate the crystal chemistry of the series Na2(M/M’)P2O7 with couples M/M’ = Co/Zn and Co/Fe. For both the series, a phase transition vs composition is observed. A tetragonal to orthorhombic phase transition is found for the Zn/Co series, and an orthorhombic to triclinic phase transition is found for the Co/Fe series. Such changes are interpreted in view of the different electronic structures of the transition metal ion. In addition, with the support of modeling, short- and long-range structural analysis, we show that the coexistence of two polymorphs for a given composition is possible, suggesting that the final structures may be strongly dependent upon the synthesis procedure.

Ferrara, C., Ritter, C., Mustarelli, P., Tealdi, C. (2022). Polymorphism in Na2(Co/Zn)P2O7 and Na2(Co/Fe)P2O7 Pyrophosphates: A Combined Diffraction and 31P NMR Study. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C, 126(1), 701-708 [10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c08753].

Polymorphism in Na2(Co/Zn)P2O7 and Na2(Co/Fe)P2O7 Pyrophosphates: A Combined Diffraction and 31P NMR Study

Ferrara C.;Mustarelli P.;
2022

Abstract

Pyrophosphates of the general formula A2BP2O7 (A = alkali metal and B = transition metal) find applications in several technological fields, including rechargeable Na-ion batteries. They present a rich polymorphism vs composition, which may strongly influence their functional properties. Therefore, to selectively obtain a specific structure is crucial for applications. Here, we combine structural investigation techniques (solid-state NMR, X-ray and neutron diffraction, and DFT calculations) to investigate the crystal chemistry of the series Na2(M/M’)P2O7 with couples M/M’ = Co/Zn and Co/Fe. For both the series, a phase transition vs composition is observed. A tetragonal to orthorhombic phase transition is found for the Zn/Co series, and an orthorhombic to triclinic phase transition is found for the Co/Fe series. Such changes are interpreted in view of the different electronic structures of the transition metal ion. In addition, with the support of modeling, short- and long-range structural analysis, we show that the coexistence of two polymorphs for a given composition is possible, suggesting that the final structures may be strongly dependent upon the synthesis procedure.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Batteries, materials, structure, XRD, NMR;
English
701
708
8
Ferrara, C., Ritter, C., Mustarelli, P., Tealdi, C. (2022). Polymorphism in Na2(Co/Zn)P2O7 and Na2(Co/Fe)P2O7 Pyrophosphates: A Combined Diffraction and 31P NMR Study. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C, 126(1), 701-708 [10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c08753].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/352132
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