Background: Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a devastating disease, with high mortality rate and substantial disability among survivors. Its causes are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate risk factors for SAH using a novel nationwide cohort consortium. Methods: We obtained individual participant data of 949 683 persons (330 334 women) between 25 and 90 years old, with no history of SAH at baseline, from 21 population-based cohorts. Outcomes were obtained from the Swedish Patient and Causes of Death Registries. Results: During 13 704 959 person-years of follow-up, 2659 cases of first-ever fatal or non-fatal SAH occurred, with an age-standardized incidence rate of 9.0 [95% confidence interval (CI) (7.4-10.6)/100 000 person-years] in men and 13.8 [(11.4-16.2)/100 000 person-years] in women. The incidence rate increased exponentially with higher age. In multivariable-adjusted Poisson models, marked sex interactions for current smoking and body mass index (BMI) were observed. Current smoking conferred a rate ratio (RR) of 2.24 (95% CI 1.95-2.57) in women and 1.62 (1.47-1.79) in men. One standard deviation higher BMI was associated with an RR of 0.86 (0.81-0.92) in women and 1.02 (0.96-1.08) in men. Higher blood pressure and lower education level were also associated with higher risk of SAH. Conclusions: The risk of SAH is 45% higher in women than in men, with substantial sex differences in risk factor strengths. In particular, a markedly stronger adverse effect of smoking in women may motivate targeted public health initiatives.

Sundström, J., Söderholm, M., Söderberg, S., Alfredsson, L., Andersson, M., Bellocco, R., et al. (2019). Risk factors for subarachnoid haemorrhage: A nationwide cohort of 950 000 adults. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 48(6), 2018-2025 [10.1093/ije/dyz163].

Risk factors for subarachnoid haemorrhage: A nationwide cohort of 950 000 adults

Rino Bellocco;
2019

Abstract

Background: Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a devastating disease, with high mortality rate and substantial disability among survivors. Its causes are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate risk factors for SAH using a novel nationwide cohort consortium. Methods: We obtained individual participant data of 949 683 persons (330 334 women) between 25 and 90 years old, with no history of SAH at baseline, from 21 population-based cohorts. Outcomes were obtained from the Swedish Patient and Causes of Death Registries. Results: During 13 704 959 person-years of follow-up, 2659 cases of first-ever fatal or non-fatal SAH occurred, with an age-standardized incidence rate of 9.0 [95% confidence interval (CI) (7.4-10.6)/100 000 person-years] in men and 13.8 [(11.4-16.2)/100 000 person-years] in women. The incidence rate increased exponentially with higher age. In multivariable-adjusted Poisson models, marked sex interactions for current smoking and body mass index (BMI) were observed. Current smoking conferred a rate ratio (RR) of 2.24 (95% CI 1.95-2.57) in women and 1.62 (1.47-1.79) in men. One standard deviation higher BMI was associated with an RR of 0.86 (0.81-0.92) in women and 1.02 (0.96-1.08) in men. Higher blood pressure and lower education level were also associated with higher risk of SAH. Conclusions: The risk of SAH is 45% higher in women than in men, with substantial sex differences in risk factor strengths. In particular, a markedly stronger adverse effect of smoking in women may motivate targeted public health initiatives.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
cohort study; epidemiology; Stroke;
English
2018
2025
8
Sundström, J., Söderholm, M., Söderberg, S., Alfredsson, L., Andersson, M., Bellocco, R., et al. (2019). Risk factors for subarachnoid haemorrhage: A nationwide cohort of 950 000 adults. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 48(6), 2018-2025 [10.1093/ije/dyz163].
Sundström, J; Söderholm, M; Söderberg, S; Alfredsson, L; Andersson, M; Bellocco, R; Wiberg, B
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/351593
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