Large sediment masses are transferred over many hundreds of kilometres along the coast of passive continental margins worldwide. The relevance of such a phenomenon for source-to-sink studies, environmental issues, and coastal management remains largely unperceived. This study traces the paths of volcaniclastic sand along ca 2170 km of the Argentine coast and documents a 760 km long cell of littoral transport extending from the formerly larger Río Colorado delta to the edge of the Río de la Plata mouth. During deglaciation stages and humid periods of the Pleistocene, a much greater sediment volume than today was transferred by the Desaguadero and Colorado rivers from the highest-relief tract of the Andean Cordillera to the Atlantic Ocean. Amphibole-rich sand originally supplied by the Río Desaguadero is being recycled today from Pampean lowlands to feed the beaches along Río de la Plata southern shores, whereas pure quartzose sand of Río Paraná is found only adjacent to its prograding delta. Augite-rich sand supplied by the Río Colorado is dominant along the coast of the Buenos Aires Province, where it mixes locally with coarser-grained quartz-rich detritus recycled in the urbanized Mar del Plata area. Hypersthene-rich sand of the Río Negro is dispersed both north and south of the mouth, where heavy-mineral-rich lag deposits are formed in areas of accelerated erosion and retreating sea cliffs. Changes of mineralogical signatures during long-distance littoral transport are largely ascribed to local supply from coastal erosion or hydrodynamic effects rather than to selective breakdown of labile grains. Whereas the relative abundance of amphibole and pyroxene is largely independent of transport distance, olivine is depleted both in the northern part of the Colorado littoral cell and south of the Río Negro mouth, which is chiefly ascribed to dilution by recycling of Neogene sediments that have undergone early intrastratal dissolution rather than to mechanical loss.

Garzanti, E., Limonta, M., Vezzoli, G., Sosa, N. (2021). From Patagonia to Río de la Plata: Multistep long-distance littoral transport of Andean volcaniclastic sand along the Argentine passive margin. SEDIMENTOLOGY, 68(7), 3357-3384 [10.1111/sed.12902].

From Patagonia to Río de la Plata: Multistep long-distance littoral transport of Andean volcaniclastic sand along the Argentine passive margin

Garzanti E.
Primo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Vezzoli G.
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2021

Abstract

Large sediment masses are transferred over many hundreds of kilometres along the coast of passive continental margins worldwide. The relevance of such a phenomenon for source-to-sink studies, environmental issues, and coastal management remains largely unperceived. This study traces the paths of volcaniclastic sand along ca 2170 km of the Argentine coast and documents a 760 km long cell of littoral transport extending from the formerly larger Río Colorado delta to the edge of the Río de la Plata mouth. During deglaciation stages and humid periods of the Pleistocene, a much greater sediment volume than today was transferred by the Desaguadero and Colorado rivers from the highest-relief tract of the Andean Cordillera to the Atlantic Ocean. Amphibole-rich sand originally supplied by the Río Desaguadero is being recycled today from Pampean lowlands to feed the beaches along Río de la Plata southern shores, whereas pure quartzose sand of Río Paraná is found only adjacent to its prograding delta. Augite-rich sand supplied by the Río Colorado is dominant along the coast of the Buenos Aires Province, where it mixes locally with coarser-grained quartz-rich detritus recycled in the urbanized Mar del Plata area. Hypersthene-rich sand of the Río Negro is dispersed both north and south of the mouth, where heavy-mineral-rich lag deposits are formed in areas of accelerated erosion and retreating sea cliffs. Changes of mineralogical signatures during long-distance littoral transport are largely ascribed to local supply from coastal erosion or hydrodynamic effects rather than to selective breakdown of labile grains. Whereas the relative abundance of amphibole and pyroxene is largely independent of transport distance, olivine is depleted both in the northern part of the Colorado littoral cell and south of the Río Negro mouth, which is chiefly ascribed to dilution by recycling of Neogene sediments that have undergone early intrastratal dissolution rather than to mechanical loss.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Amphibole Color Index; Colorado and Negro rivers; durability of olivine and pyroxene; longshore sand transport; passive-margin sediments; Río de la Plata estuary; Río Desaguadero; sedimentary petrology; Southern Hemisphere swells;
English
3357
3384
28
Garzanti, E., Limonta, M., Vezzoli, G., Sosa, N. (2021). From Patagonia to Río de la Plata: Multistep long-distance littoral transport of Andean volcaniclastic sand along the Argentine passive margin. SEDIMENTOLOGY, 68(7), 3357-3384 [10.1111/sed.12902].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/351109
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