Multicellular cooperation in actinomycetes is a division of labor-based beneficial trait where phenotypically specialized clonal subpopulations, or genetically distinct lineages, perform complementary tasks. The division of labor improves the access to nutrients and optimizes reproductive and vegetative tasks while reducing the costly production of secondary metabolites and/or of secreted enzymes. In this study, we took advantage of the possibility to isolate genetically distinct lineages deriving from the division of labor, for the isolation of heterogeneous teicoplanin producer phenotypes from Actinoplanes teichomyceticus ATCC 31121. In order to efficiently separate phenotypes and associated genomes, we produced and regenerated protoplasts. This approach turned out to be a rapid and effective strain improvement method, as it allowed the identification of those phenotypes in the population that produced higher teicoplanin amounts. Interestingly, a heterogeneous teicoplanin complex productivity pattern was also identified among the clones. This study suggests that strain improvement and strain maintenance should be integrated with the use of protoplasts as a strategy to unravel the hidden industrial potential of vegetative mycelium.

Mellere, L., Bava, A., Capozzoli, C., Branduardi, P., Berini, F., & Beltrametti, F. (2022). Strain improvement and strain maintenance revisited. The use of Actinoplanes teichomyceticus atcc 31121 protoplasts in the identification of candidates for enhanced teicoplanin production. ANTIBIOTICS, 11(1) [10.3390/antibiotics11010024].

Strain improvement and strain maintenance revisited. The use of Actinoplanes teichomyceticus atcc 31121 protoplasts in the identification of candidates for enhanced teicoplanin production

Branduardi P.;Beltrametti F.
2022

Abstract

Multicellular cooperation in actinomycetes is a division of labor-based beneficial trait where phenotypically specialized clonal subpopulations, or genetically distinct lineages, perform complementary tasks. The division of labor improves the access to nutrients and optimizes reproductive and vegetative tasks while reducing the costly production of secondary metabolites and/or of secreted enzymes. In this study, we took advantage of the possibility to isolate genetically distinct lineages deriving from the division of labor, for the isolation of heterogeneous teicoplanin producer phenotypes from Actinoplanes teichomyceticus ATCC 31121. In order to efficiently separate phenotypes and associated genomes, we produced and regenerated protoplasts. This approach turned out to be a rapid and effective strain improvement method, as it allowed the identification of those phenotypes in the population that produced higher teicoplanin amounts. Interestingly, a heterogeneous teicoplanin complex productivity pattern was also identified among the clones. This study suggests that strain improvement and strain maintenance should be integrated with the use of protoplasts as a strategy to unravel the hidden industrial potential of vegetative mycelium.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Actinomycetes; Actinoplanes teichomyceticus; Division of labor; Protoplasts; Sterile caste; Teicoplanin;
English
Mellere, L., Bava, A., Capozzoli, C., Branduardi, P., Berini, F., & Beltrametti, F. (2022). Strain improvement and strain maintenance revisited. The use of Actinoplanes teichomyceticus atcc 31121 protoplasts in the identification of candidates for enhanced teicoplanin production. ANTIBIOTICS, 11(1) [10.3390/antibiotics11010024].
Mellere, L; Bava, A; Capozzoli, C; Branduardi, P; Berini, F; Beltrametti, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/349313
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