Since its launch, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer-02 (AMS-02) has delivered outstanding quality measurements of the spectra of cosmic-ray (CR) species ( p¯, e±) and nuclei (H-O, Ne, Mg, Si, Fe), which resulted in a number of breakthroughs. The most recent AMS-02 result is the measurement of the spectrum of CR fluorine up to ∼2 TV. Given its very low solar system abundance, fluorine in CRs is thought to be mostly secondary, produced in fragmentations of heavier species, predominantly Ne, Mg, and Si. Similar to the best-measured secondary-to-primary boron to carbon nuclei ratio that is widely used to study the origin and propagation of CR species, the precise fluorine data would allow the origin of Si-group nuclei to be studied independently. Meanwhile, the secondary origin of CR fluorine has never been tested in a wide energy range due to the lack of accurate CR data. In this paper, we use the first ever precise measurements of the fluorine spectrum by AMS-02 together with ACE-CRIS and Voyager 1 data to actually test this paradigm. Our detailed modeling shows an excess below 10 GV in the fluorine spectrum that may hint at a primary fluorine component. We also provide an updated local interstellar spectrum (LIS) of fluorine in the rigidity range from a few MV to ∼2 TV. Our calculations employ the self-consistent GalProp-HelMod framework that has proved to be a reliable tool in deriving the LIS of CR p¯ and e-, and nuclei Z ≤ 28.

Boschini, M., Della Torre, S., Gervasi, M., Grandi, D., Jóhannesson, G., La Vacca, G., et al. (2022). A Hint of a Low-energy Excess in Cosmic-Ray Fluorine. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 925(2) [10.3847/1538-4357/ac313d].

A Hint of a Low-energy Excess in Cosmic-Ray Fluorine

Gervasi, M.;Grandi, D.;La Vacca, G.;Pensotti, S.;Rozza, D.;Tacconi, M.
2022

Abstract

Since its launch, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer-02 (AMS-02) has delivered outstanding quality measurements of the spectra of cosmic-ray (CR) species ( p¯, e±) and nuclei (H-O, Ne, Mg, Si, Fe), which resulted in a number of breakthroughs. The most recent AMS-02 result is the measurement of the spectrum of CR fluorine up to ∼2 TV. Given its very low solar system abundance, fluorine in CRs is thought to be mostly secondary, produced in fragmentations of heavier species, predominantly Ne, Mg, and Si. Similar to the best-measured secondary-to-primary boron to carbon nuclei ratio that is widely used to study the origin and propagation of CR species, the precise fluorine data would allow the origin of Si-group nuclei to be studied independently. Meanwhile, the secondary origin of CR fluorine has never been tested in a wide energy range due to the lack of accurate CR data. In this paper, we use the first ever precise measurements of the fluorine spectrum by AMS-02 together with ACE-CRIS and Voyager 1 data to actually test this paradigm. Our detailed modeling shows an excess below 10 GV in the fluorine spectrum that may hint at a primary fluorine component. We also provide an updated local interstellar spectrum (LIS) of fluorine in the rigidity range from a few MV to ∼2 TV. Our calculations employ the self-consistent GalProp-HelMod framework that has proved to be a reliable tool in deriving the LIS of CR p¯ and e-, and nuclei Z ≤ 28.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Secondary cosmic rays; Heliosphere; Galaxy abundances; Interstellar medium; Galactic cosmic rays; Interplanetary medium;
English
31-gen-2022
2022
925
2
108
open
Boschini, M., Della Torre, S., Gervasi, M., Grandi, D., Jóhannesson, G., La Vacca, G., et al. (2022). A Hint of a Low-energy Excess in Cosmic-Ray Fluorine. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 925(2) [10.3847/1538-4357/ac313d].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/349288
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